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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 May 2022
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Philip, Alex

Working name of Alexander Philip (1882-1968) Scotland-born entrepreneur and author, in US with family from 1884 and in Canada from circa 1900. He is of sf interest for his Lost Race novel, The Painted Cliff (1927), set deep in a valley in the mountains of British Columbia where an ancient white civilization (Philip is condescending to Native Americans) is discovered. [JC]

Fighting Fantasy

Gamebook series (from 1982). Puffin, Wizard Books. Designed by Steve Jackson, Ian Livingstone. / The idea of single-player Role Playing Game scenarios was first used in a number of adventures for the early fantasy game Tunnels and Trolls (1975 Flying Buffalo [FB]) designed by Ken St Andre, beginning with Buffalo Castle (1976 FB) designed by Rick Loomis. In essence, these scenarios replaced the Gamemaster's human intelligence with a predesigned multilinear plot (see Interactive Narrative), ...

Jackson, G Gibbard

(1877-1935) UK author, usually of tales for boys on aeronautical subjects, and of nonfiction about air travel and other related topics; of sf interest is Arctic Air Terror (1937), a Lost Race tale set in the Yukon Territory. Within a caldera heated by volcanic action, a technologically advanced but priest-ridden civilization of "white Indians", originally from ancient Egypt, uses its helicopter-like airships and strange Weapons to attempt to protect its gold from the outer world. Unusually for ...

Mitchell-Hedges, F A

(1882-1959) UK adventurer and author whose Lost Race novel, The White Tiger (1931), features the discovery of a living Aztec civilization in Mexico. Much of Mitchell-Hedges's nonfiction is colourful, including the narrative of his discovery of a "Crystal Skull", or "Skull of Doom" in Mayan ruins, 17,000 years old, very potent. Steven Spielberg's Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) makes distant use of this artefact. [JC]

Kleeman, Alexandra

(1986-    ) US author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Fairy Tale" in The Paris Review for Winter 2010; this was assembled with other tales that variously explore the water margins of Fantastika as Intimations (coll 2016). Her first novel, You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine: A Novel (2015), Satirizes the modern all-absorptive Media Landscape through the attempts of its protagonist, identified only by the letter A, to become essentially indistinguishable from ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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