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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Captain Marvel

US Comic-book character, in fact a sequence of characters, the first of which to bear the name was created by artist C C Beck (the first to draw the character) and writer Bill Parker. Captain Marvel first appeared in 1940 in Fawcett's Whiz Comics (1940-1953) and then contemporaneously in Fawcett's Captain Marvel Adventures (1941-1953); Jack Kirby and Mac Raboy were among its many later illustrators. Foremost among its scriptwriters was Otto Binder (see Eando Binder), who developed Captain ...

Space Is the Place

US film (1974). North American Star System. Directed by John Coney. Written by Sun Ra and Joshua Smith. Cast includes Raymond Johnson and Sun Ra. 85 minutes. Colour. / Having found an idyllic planet "without the sound of anger, guns, frustration", Sun Ra decides to set up a colony for black people there (see Colonization of Other Worlds) and reflects on the possible transportation options, settling on Teleportation through Music. We then go to Chicago in 1943, where Sunny Ray's piano ...

Edson, Milan C

(1839-1921) US civil servant, farmer and author of Solaris Farm: A Story of the Twentieth Century (1900), an agrarian Utopia, in which physical health and cleanliness are emphasized. He was the father-in-law of Elmer Gates (1856-1923), founder of the Elmer Gates Laboratory of Psychology and Psychurgy, whose theories about stimulating brain-growth in adults were espoused by John W Campbell Jr in the 1950s. [JC]

Gas Giant

Item of sf Terminology invented by James Blish; it proved so useful that it is now often used by astronomers. It refers to the fact that four of the planets of our solar system are not comparatively small and dense, like Earth and Mars, but extremely large, and consist mainly of substances like hydrogen, helium, methane and ammonia. The helium content suggests the possibility of "mining" gas giants for helium-3 fuel to be used in nuclear-fusion Power Sources. Even in the cold at the outer edge ...

MacLean, Katherine

(1925-2019) US author who took a BA from Barnard College, New York, did postgraduate study in psychology, became a quality-control lab technician in a food factory, and subsequently served as a college lecturer in creative writing and literature. Much of MacLean's output consisted of short stories, most of which, including her first, "Defense Mechanism" in October 1949, appeared in Astounding; as in much of her later work, Psi Powers are central. She generally wrote under her own name, although ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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