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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 May 2022
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Wright, Austin Tappan

(1883-1931) US corporation lawyer, academic and author; member of an intensely literary family of which figures of interest include his mother, the novelist Mary Tappan Wright (1851-1916), and his grandson, Tappan King [see also The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. His first publication of genre interest was "1915?" for The Atlantic Monthly in 1915, which depicts an unnamed (but clearly American) City under the occupation of a ruthless foreign power (see Future War; Invasion); as a ...

Unt, Mati

(1944-2005) Estonian theatrical director and author, active from a very early age, beginning with his first novel, Hüvasti, kollane kass ["Goodbye, Yellow Cat"] (1963). Two novels from his large oeuvre translated into English are of interest as examples of texts where the techniques of what might be called post-modern Fantastika (see Postmodernism and SF) are applied to a range of material that includes sf. Öös on asju (1990; trans by Erick Dickens as Things in the Night 2006) ...

Jama-Everett, Ayize

(1974-    ) US author whose Liminal People sequence – comprising The Liminal People (2011), The Liminal War (2015) and The Entropy of Bones (2015) – is set in an Alternate World where a group of young men and women, gifted with Superpowers, attempt to survive and thrive in venues depicted with Graphic Novel-like speedlines. The action is unrelenting, the tone surprisingly and lucidly light, and the powers on display – one protagonist can heal diseases; ...

Online Worlds

Any game involving more than one person is played in a kind of Shared World, even if that world only exists until one of the participants has won. Such places gained a greater degree of permanence in Role Playing Games, where the Gamemaster might create an episodic campaign taking years to complete, and in the Play by Mail industry, in which the moderator maintains an independent record of the state of play for as long as the game goes on. The development of computer networks, however, made ...

Holland, Stephen

(1962-    ) UK bibliographer and critic who has also scripted some Comics, including a 1989 story for The Cursed Land and a 1990 story for Computer Killer. His main work has been in the almost infinitely perplexing field of post-World War Two UK paperback publishers and authors, and he has done much to clarify the two decades after 1945, a period rife with pseudonymous titles, ephemeral publications, fly-by-night publishers and reticent authors. His bibliographical studies, ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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