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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Bhatia, Gautam

(1988-    ) Indian lawyer, essayist and author, resident in the UK; author of studies in Indian jurisprudence including Offend, Shock, or Disturb: Freedom of Speech Under the Indian Constitution (2015). He is of direct sf interest for the Chronicles of Sumer sequence beginning with The Wall (2020), set in an Earth-like venue at some indeterminate time in what could be the Far Future, where a vast circular self-sufficient City-state has flourished, apparently for millennia, ...

Bell, Geo W

(1838-1907) US soldier (though his claim to the rank of Colonel has not been confirmed), real estate speculator, diplomat (Consul for the United States in Sydney, New South Wales, 1894-1900) and author; his sf novel, Mr Oseba's Last Discovery (1904 New Zealand) may have been written as a real estate promotion. The protagonist meets a traveling inhabitant of the Hollow Earth, who has arrived on the surface via the Arctic Symmes Hole (see John Cleves Symmes); he describes the Eugenic Utopia he ...

Howells, William Dean

(1837-1920) US author, best known for his many realist novels from 1870 onwards, and for his fairly numerous stories, several of them fantastic, like "Christmas Every Day" (January 1886 St Nicholas Magazine), a Time-Loop tale that Danny Rubin – scriptwriter for Groundhog Day (1993) – claimed was his only inspiration for that film. Some of Howells's tales of interest were assembled in Questionable Shapes (coll 1903) and Between the Dark and the Daylight: Romances (coll 1907), most of ...

Salwi, Dilip M

(1952-2004) Indian author, almost exclusively of work for Young Adult and younger readers. He wrote much nonfiction, including Our Scientists (1986), containing biographies of Indian scientists, and Nonsense in Indian Science (1998). His sf was clearly directed, though with pleasing tact, towards educational purposes, with Alien characters introduced in considerable part in order to comment on the state of our planet; this work is generally set in the Near Future. Titles include Fire on the ...

Grass, Günter

(1927-2015) German artist, illustrator, sculptor and author, a significant creative and cultural voice in the long self-examination that the German world underwent (for cause) after World War Two; from the publication of his first novel, Die Blechtrommel (1959; trans Ralph Manheim as The Tin Drum 1962), he remained central to that interrogation, sometimes through the enraged and enraging mythopoesis of his best work, sometimes himself as the subject of savage scrutiny, most notably after his ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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