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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Collins, Helen

(1937-    ) US biologist, teacher and author whose loose Genesis sequence contains two thematically linked volumes to date. The first, Mutagenesis (1993; rev MutaGenesis 2011), packs a wide range of material into its moderate compass. After recovering from a Long Night caused by Ecological devastation, an expedition from Earth rediscovers an old colony planet, where some original plant species still survive as well as a strangely-evolved human, in which women are required to ...

Graves, Robert

(1895-1985) UK poet, critic and author, C L Graves's nephew, best known for an active poetic career which began around 1911, before his active service in World War One and the war poems which established his reputation, and lasted until about 1975; and for such novels as the nonfantastic I, Claudius (1934). His tendentious claim that he wrote fiction solely for commercial reasons does little to explain the high quality of The Shout (1929 chap), a sophisticatedly recursive Club Story assembled ...

Fleming, Roscoe

(1895-1974) US journalist and author who began publishing work of sf interest with "The Menace of the Little" for Amazing Stories Quarterly in Summer 1931, a complex Invasion novella in which Earth defends itself against the Hive-Mind civilization of Mars whose war centre, a hollowed-out mountain in America, is eventually bombed. Fleming seems to have written no other fiction, though several of the longer poems in The Man Who Reached the Moon and Other Poems (coll 1955 chap; exp vt The Man Who ...

Invasion [film]

Film (1966). Merton Park/AIP. Directed by Alan Bridges. Written by Roger Marshall, based on an original story by Robert Holmes. Cast includes Lyndon Brook, Valerie Gearon, Edward Judd and Yōko Tani. 82 minutes. Black and white. / This interesting UK film tells of two humanoid Aliens of East Asian appearance whose Spaceship crash-lands on Earth outside a country hospital. It turns out that one is a prisoner of the other. Further alien "Lystrians", members of an extraterrestrial police ...

Sanders, George A

(1836-1909) US author whose riposte to Edward Bellamy, Reality: Or, Law and Order vs Anarchy and Socialism: A Reply to Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward and Equality (1898), argues that the labouring poor are not in truth all that poor, and in any case are motivated to work primarily by noble ideals. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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