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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Film (1998), also written π. Harvest Filmworks, Truth and Soul and Plantain Films present in association with Protozoa Pictures. Directed by Darren Aronofsky. Written by Darren Aronofsky, Sean Gullette and Eric Watson. Cast includes Sean Gullette, Pamela Hart, Kristyn Mae-Anne Lao, Mark Margolis, Stephen Pearlman, Ben Shenkman and Samia Shoaib. 84 minutes. Black and white. / Gifted mathematician Maximillian Cohen (Gullette) builds in his contemporary New York apartment a Computer ...

Richter, Eugen

(1838-1906) German politician and author, who opposed nineteenth century German antisemitism with vigour and eloquence, and as a liberal opposed the government of Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898). Of sf interest is Sozialdemokratische Zukunftsbilder: frei nach Bebel (1891; trans Henry Wright as Pictures of the Socialistic Future (Freely Adapted from Bebel);vt Pictures of the Future: An Experiment in a Modern Social World and What Came of it 1894), a Near Future Satire depicting the ruinous ...

Trow, George W S

(1943-2006) US journalist, playwright, polemicist and author, probably best known for a work of moderately savage, socially conservative criticism of the American Media Landscape, Within the Context of No Context (17 November 1980 The New Yorker; 1981). He is of modest sf interest for the stories assembled in Bullies (coll 1980), surreal Satires set in unclearly discernible Alternate Worlds. As George Swift Trow he co-scripted the film Savages (1972), directed by James Ivory. [JC]

Monty Python's Flying Circus

UK tv series (1969-1974). A BBC production. Produced by Ian MacNaughton. Created, starring and written by Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Michael Palin. Other regular actors included Connie Booth, Carol Cleveland, Neil Innes (final series) and Ian MacNaughton. Four series comprising 45 episodes of 25-30 minutes. Colour. / The anarchic/surreal Humour of this Television comedy-sketch series was hugely influential; its innumerable spinoffs include books, ...

Leonard, Paul

Working name of UK author Paul J Leonard Hinder (1961-    ), who has also published as P J L Hinder, though his output of Ties for the Doctor Who universe has appeared exclusively under his working name, beginning with Doctor Who: The Missing Adventures: Venusian Lullaby (1994). These novels, which Leonard has declared were much influenced by the example of Jim Mortimore's Doctor Who tales, tend to greater emotional extremity than usual in this universe, though the ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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