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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Buck, Doris Pitkin

(1898-1980) US English instructor and author of short fiction and poetry only, sometimes signing herself Doris P Buck and almost exclusively associated with The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. Her first sf publication was "Aunt Agatha" (October 1952 F&SF); she continued to publish stories until 1975 and poems until 1981. No collection has appeared. Buck was a founding member of Science Fiction Writers of America. The still unpublished tale "Cacophony in Pink and Ochre" has long ...

Wynne-Tyson, Esmé

(1898-1972) UK author, for whose novels written with J D Beresford see the latter entry. [JC]

Grandville, J J

Pseudonym of French caricaturist and illustrator Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard (1803-1847), active from the mid-1820s to 1835, primarily as a caricaturist (until the imposition of prior censorship on political cartoons in 1835). He is of overall interest as a creator of images of Fantastika beginning with Les Métamorphoses du jour ["Metamorphoses of the Day"] (graph 1829) [for revised edition see Checklist], featuring caricatures of known figures conveyed through images with human ...

Massively Multiplayer Online Game

Term used to describe a type of Videogame in which large numbers of players interact with each other in a persistent Online World. Various forms exist, including Space Sims, exemplified by EVE Online (2003), and First Person Shooters, such as the science-fictional PlanetSide (2003 Verant Interactive, Win) designed by Terrence Yee, but the Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game is by far the most common variant. The term appears to have been first used to promote Meridian 59 (1996 ...

Black Gate

US Small Press Fantasy magazine that began as a Semiprozine but now pays professional rates. It is published by New Epoch Press, St Charles, Illinois on a bi-annual basis and edited by John O'Neill. It was printed in standard size in emulation of the Pulp magazines, though is not pulp itself being printed on quality lightly coated stock, but each issue runs to over 200 pages giving it the thickness of the old pulps. The print editions, which proved prohibitively expensive, ceased with issue #15 ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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