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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Turenne, Raymond

Working name of French diplomat, banker and author Raymond Auzias-Turenne (1861-1940), in Canada from 1890; he also wrote as by Amès Sémiré. Of sf interest is Le dernier mamouth (1904 as Raymond Auzias de Turenne; trans as The Last of the Mammoths 1907), in which the eponymous survivor is hunted down in its despoiled Lost World. [JC]

Reid, T Mayne

(1818-1883) Irish-born UK author, in the US 1840-1849 and 1867-1870, setting several of his most successful novels there, including The Headless Horseman: A Strange Tale of Texas (March 1865-October 1866 Bentley's Magazine; 1866 2vols). One of the earliest examples of the Western – with Comanches on the warpath, shoot-outs, ambushes, brawls, lynchings, and a nearly invulnerable hero sporting a secret identity – Headless Horseman is also a ghost story, but though the past haunts the ...


Videogame (1999). Appeal. Platforms: Win. / Outcast is a three-dimensional action Adventure game normally played in a third person view, which is notable for the ethereal, otherworldly beauty of its visuals. The game begins after a probe sent to a Parallel World has malfunctioned, creating a hole in space which threatens to destroy the Earth within weeks. The player adopts the role of the somewhat stereotypical Cutter Slade, a former US Navy Special Forces soldier dispatched to the parallel ...

Bragg, Benjamin

Probable pseudonym of UK author (?   -?   ) of A Voyage to the North Pole: With an Account of the Dangers they Experienced in the Frozen Seas of the Polar Circle. Also, the Manner of their Wintering on the Island of Spitzberg, and Discovery of the Polar Continent (1817). Mermaids are discovered. The tale has moderate interest as a late example of the Fantastic Voyage narrative. [JC]

Lee, Pamela

(1949-    ) American artist. After growing up on the campus of the University of Iowa, Lee moved with her family to Arizona when she was twelve; upon graduating from the University of Arizona in 1970, she moved to California to work in advertising before an assignment obtained through artist William K Hartmann introduced her to space art, which quickly became her specialty. One typical example of her work in this area would be her cover for the art book she produced with ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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