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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Muir, Ward

(1878-1927) UK photographer and author whose "Further East than Asia": A Romantic Adventure (1919) is set in a Lost World – an Island in the Far East – whose inhabitants gain longevity (see Immortality) through bathing in a radioactive pool, which also gives them leprosy. [JC]

Edison, Thomas Alva

(1847-1931) US inventor, entrepreneur and author, credited with numerous Inventions – including the light bulb, the phonograph and significant contributions to the development of the motion picture – for which he received more than 1093 patents. It has been argued that Edison's working practice was to supervise the original work of others, taking corporate credit for them in his own name (a practice which, under various descriptions, remains common in scientific research); there is ...

McCord, P B

(1871-1908) US cartoonist, illustrator and author of a Prehistoric SF tale, Wolf: The Memoirs of a Cave-Dweller (1908), set prior to the emigration of peoples across the Bering Straits into North America. McCord, who died while his only book was in the press, is one of the subjects fictionalized in Twelve Men (coll 1919) by Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945). [JC]

Borderlands [game]

Videogame (2009). Gearbox Software (GS). Designed by Matthew Armstrong. Platforms: PS3, Win, XB360 (2009); Mac (2010). / Borderlands is an "action RPG" (see Computer Role Playing Games), much influenced by First Person Shooters but in essence resembling a science-fictional variant of the hack and slash fantasy game Diablo (1997). Players wander the blasted deserts of the planet Pandora, performing missions for assorted patrons, battling (often randomly generated) enemies and looting their ...

Maalouf, Amin

(1949-    ) Lebanese author, in France from 1976; best known for historical novels. In his Near Future sf tale, Premier siècle après Béatrice (1992: trans Dorothy S Bair as The First Century After Beatrice 1993), an entomologist discovers that a readily available bean contains an easily synthesized Drug that will guarantee male children. The First World nations secretly administer the drug to the Third World, suffering from Overpopulation till the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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