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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Star Wars: Episode VII – The Force Awakens

Film (2015). Lucasfilm/Bad Robot/Truenorth Productions. Directed by J J Abrams. Written by Lawrence Kasdan and Abrams. Cast includes John Boyega, Daniel Craig (uncredited), Adam Driver, Carrie Fisher, Harrison Ford, Domhnall Gleeson, Mark Hamill, Oscar Isaac, Lupita Nyong'o, Daisy Ridley, Andy Serkis, Max von Sydow. 3D. 135 minutes. Colour. / This smooth and splendiferous resumption of the Star Wars main story relegates to "Legend" status the baggy faute-de-mieux "Expanded [sic] Universe" ...

Gandon, Yves

(1899-1975) French author. His Le dernier Blanc (1945; trans A M as The Last White Man 1948) depicts, on familiar lines, the chemical warfare of the future featuring a toxin deadly only to whites (see Race in SF). Other sf works include Après les hommes ["After Men"] (1963), involving an ethical ferromagnetic race in the Far Future, and La ville invisible ["The Invisible Town"] (1953). En pays singulier ["In a Remarkable Country"] (coll 1949) contains some sf. [JC/PN]

Mantegazza, Paolo

(1831-1910) Italian neurologist, physiologist, anthropologist and author whose early advocacy of the theory of Evolution was channelled through a hierarchical understanding of the course of human development and history (see Social Darwinism), a global understanding of the world that shapes the proto-Futurism (see Filippo Tommaso Marinetti) of his enthusiastic Utopia, L'Anno 3000: Sogno (1897; trans by David Jacobson as The Year 3000: A Dream 2010), which nevertheless espouses principles that ...

Kelly, James Paul

(?   -?   ) US author of Prince Izon: A Romance of the Grand Canyon (1910), a Lost Race tale in which conflicting groups of Aztecs interfere with contemporary archaeologists. [JC]

Wolfman, Marv

(1946-    ) US Comics author who has worked for DC Comics and Marvel Comics from 1968, scripting a wide range of Superhero titles including The Amazing Spider-Man, Fantastic Four, Superman and Teen Titans; he was also responsible as writer for Crisis on Infinite Earths (12 issues April 1985-March 1986; graph 1986), the twelve-issue narrative sequence featuring Superman that rewrote the DC Comics Multiverse, reducing half a century of complications to a single line of ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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