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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 December 2022
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Ralph, James

(1695-1762) American-born historian, controversialist and author, in UK from 1724; his Satirical play, The Astrologer (1744 chap) – remotely based on the mistaken-doubles comedy, Albumazar (1615), by Thomas Tomkis (circa 1580-1634) – targets the tropes and lunacies of what we now call Proto SF, as conveyed through its fatuous protagonists' attempts to make sense of the vision of ...

Hayes, Jeff W

(1853-1917) US entrepreneur who introduced the telegraph to Portland, Oregon, in 1882, and most of whose works are nonfiction advocacies of life – viewed through the Utopian potentials of the region – in the Pacific Rim; he became blind before the end of the century. His sf book, Portland, Oregon, A.D. 1999 and Other Sketches (coll 1913), casts these speculations into the form of a genuine Utopia reflecting the ...

Cooper, Clare

(1935-    ) UK author – not to be confused with the US writer Brenda Cooper – almost exclusively of novels for Young Adult readers, beginning with David's Ghost (1980). Of her tales of genre interest, the Simon Jones sequence, beginning with The Black Horn (1981), is fantasy; Earthchange (1985) describes a Ruined Earth and the attempts of its young ...

Geigley, Vance A

(1907-1996) US author and businessman involved in mining, building and real estate investment, whose solitary sf novel is Will It End This Way? (1968). [JC/DRL]

Le Drimeur, Alain

Pseudonym of the unidentified French author (?   -?   ) whose Utopia, La Cité Future (1890; trans Brian Stableford as The Future City 2012), responds positively to Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward (1888). The frame story, though inherently implausible, does vigorously demonstrate the author's conviction that ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for ...

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