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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Barr, Mike W

(1952-    ) US author of several Graphic Novels, the first of them – the future Arthurian Science Fantasy Camelot 3000 (December 1982-April 1985 Camelot 3000; graph 1988) with Brian Bolland – attracting interest as an early signal of attempts to move upmarket on the part of the American comics industry. Of sf interest are three Star Trek Ties (see below). [JC]

Gaillard, Stephen

(?   -?   ) US author, possibly pseudonymous, whose only publication seems to be The Pirates of the Sky: A Tale of Modern Adventure (1915), a competent Young Adult tale in which an intrepid pilot and a resourceful newspaper reporter track down and are instrumental in defeating an anarchist conspiracy whose plans hint at the Pax Aeronautica: utilizing a giant armoured black hovercraft with a 200 foot wingspan to devastate the cities of America – a goal they ...

Hartridge, Jon

(1934-    ) UK author associated, like Brian W Aldiss, with the Oxford Mail, of which he was features editor, and for which he wrote reviews of considerable interest. His sf novels are Binary Divine (1969), in which a Computer, in the conviction that it is god, creates a Dystopia; and Earthjacket (1970), in which attempts to redeem Earth from an authoritarian, Technology-obsessed Near Future cause widespread destruction. [JC]


For a long time Mars seemed to be the most likely abode for life outside the Earth, and for that reason it has always been of cardinal importance in sf. Its surface, unlike that of Venus, exhibits markings that have for a long time been visible (albeit unclearly) with the aid of optical telescopes, and has a distinct red colour. Early observers interpreted what they saw in terms of analogies with terrestrial phenomena: blue-green tracts interrupting the red were thought to be oceans or ...

Devlin, Dean

(1962-    ) US actor, screenwriter/producer, and author, all of whose written work [see Checklist] has been Tied to his own film productions. After writing the script for Universal Soldier (1992), he began a successful collaboration with its director, Roland Emmerich, co-writing and coproducing Stargate (1994), Independence Day (1996) and Godzilla (1998), all these films being directed by Emmerich. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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