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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Resident Evil

Videogame (1996; vt Biohazard in Japan). Capcom. Designed by Shinji Mikami. Platforms: PS1 (1996); Saturn, Win (1997); rev GC (2002); rev vt Resident Evil: Deadly Silence NDS (2006); rev Wii (2008). / Resident Evil was not the first game that could be categorized as Survival Horror, but it was the game that codified the form. The gameplay focuses on puzzle solution and combat within an apparently deserted mansion overrun by undead Zombies and lethal biological experiments, in a scenario ...

Cranford, Robin

(1923-    ) South African author, later in the UK; My City Fears Tomorrow (1961), a non-fantastic tale set in Johannesburg, thematically precedes Leave Them Their Pride (1962), which is set in the same general venue in 1975, and deals with the Invasion of South Africa by freed Blacks, and the decision of those whites who survive to accept relegation to a small "homeland". [JC]

Lurgan, Lester

Initial pseudonym of UK author and church worker Mabel Winifred Knowles (1875-1949), who was far more prolific under her later pseudonym May Wynne, which she used for something like 200 historical romances and girl's books between World War One and her death. As Lurgan, she wrote several thrillers between 1910 and 1913, and A Message from Mars: A Story Founded on the Popular Play by Richard Ganthony (1912), which novelized Richard Ganthony's extremely popular play from 1899; the play was also ...

Aikin, Jim

Working name of US author James Douglas Aikin (1948-    ), most of whose books are technical manuals for producing electronic music. His first sf novel, Walk the Moons Road (1985), gives operatic colour to a moderately intricate Planetary Romance featuring Aliens, humans, seas, Politics and Sex on a planet which is not Earth. His second novel, The Wall at the Edge of the World (1993), more ambitiously sets its protagonist – a non-Telepath in a Post-Holocaust society ...

Orlacs Hände

1. Film (1924; vt The Hands of Orlac). Pan Film. Directed by Robert Wiene. Written by Louis Nerz, based on Les mains d'Orlac (15 May-12 July 1920 L'Intransigeant; 1921; trans as The Hands of Orlac 1929; new trans 1981) by Maurice Renard. Cast includes Carmen Cartellieri, Fritz Kortner, Alexandra Sorina and Conrad Veidt. 92 minutes, cut to 70 minutes. Black and white. / In this Austrian film from the director of The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari (1919), a pianist whose injured hands have been ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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