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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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McIvor, Allan

Pseudonym of the unidentified author (?   -?   ) of The Overlord: The Story of the Peons of Canada (1904), a Near Future depiction of Canada under a dictatorship. The upcoming business magnate protagonist of The Mechanic (1906) powers his rise initially through an Invention of his father, an improved method for refining iron ore into steel; his own later inventions include a vastly improved typesetting machine. En passant he discovers, in an old Native American ...

Coates, Robert M

(1897-1973) US author, primarily associated throughout his career with The New Yorker, for which he worked, and to which he contributed many stories. He is mainly of interest to the sf field for his first novel, The Eater of Darkness (1926; rev 1929), which, written before he had fully assimilated the sometimes restrictive urbanity of The New Yorker style, quite brilliantly applies a wide arsenal of literary devices and references, some of the more nihilistic derived from Dada, to the ...

Abre Los Ojos

Film (1997; vt Open Your Eyes). Directed by Alejandro Amenábar. Written by Amenábar & Mateo Gil. Cast includes Penélope Cruz, Chete Lera, Fele Martinez, Najwa Nimri and Eduardo Noriega. 117 minutes. Colour. / Playboy César's discarded girlfriend Nuria (Nimri) takes revenge by crashing their car, killing herself and leaves César (Noriega) facially disfigured; his unravelling life seems briefly repaired by his new love Sofía (Cruz) and a suddenly ...


Werewolves have featured in the literatures of the Western World from at least the time of Homer, but have not in any significant way contributed to the story of Proto SF, and in their ancient, mythological sense are not dealt with in this encyclopedia (but see further reading below). This class of Supernatural Creature – along with Vampires and other mythic Shapeshifters – is now endemic in the overlapping Fantasy subgenres of Paranormal Romance and Urban Fantasy [see The ...

Dubina, Peter

(1940-1990) Czech-born author, in Germany after 1945, who also wrote as by R F Garner and Joh Kirby, concentrating on Westerns for most of his career; of sf interest is Eintscheidung im Weltraum (1973; trans Patricia Crampton as Decision in Space 1976), in which three human Scientists are abducted by a UFO and tricked into believing in the literal reality of their experiences on another planet, where one of them behaves shamefully, risking the genocide of the indigenous population, but is ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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