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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Martian Successor Nadesico

Japanese animated TV series (1996). Xebec, Studio Tron, TV Tokyo. Directed by Tatsuo Sato. Written by Shō Aikawa, Takeshi Shudō, Hiroyuki Kawasaki. Cast includes Hōko Kuwashima and Yūji Ueda. 26 episodes of 25 minutes. Colour. / In the first throes of an alien Invasion of alleged lizard-Monsters from Jupiter, a rogue Starship captain defies the dithering military authorities and sets off to fight the menace. Her largely female crew is augmented by a diffident male cook ...

Medieval Futurism

Term coined by John Carnell in his introduction to New Writings in SF 12 (anth 1967) to describe a contemporary trend of sf containing "Future technologies, often on other planets, but with heavy overtones of the Middle Ages feudal systems as the governing bodies." (see History in SF) Examples cited by Carnell include L Sprague de Camp's Divide and Rule (April-May 1939 Unknown as "Divide and Rule!"; 1990 chap dos) and Jack Vance's The Dragon Masters (August 1962 Galaxy; 1963 dos) – also ...

Demolition Man

Film (1993). Silver Pictures/Warner Bros. Directed by Marco Brambilla. Written by Daniel Waters, Robert Reneau, Peter M Lenkov, based on a story by Lenkov and Reneau. Cast includes Sandra Bullock, Bob Gunton, Nigel Hawthorne, Denis Leary, Wesley Snipes and Sylvester Stallone. 115 minutes. Colour. / In 1997 Los Angeles (see California), macho cop John Spartan (Stallone) – nicknamed "the demolition man" – is framed by his most recent arrestee, malicious supercriminal Simon Phoenix ...

Traill, H D

(1842-1900) UK lawyer, journalist and author, of most interest for his Satires, early examples – like The Israelitish Question: And the Comments of the Canaan Journals Thereon (1876 chap) anonymous tending to spoof contemporary politics through elaborate parodies and anachronisms. The New Lucian: Being a Series of Dialogues of the Dead (coll of linked stories 1884) makes its satirical points through a sustained reworking of the work by Lucian. The long Near Future title story of the tales ...

Godfrey, Hollis

(1874-1936) US engineer, academic and author in whose sf novel, The Man Who Ended War (1908), the inventor of a radioactive metal-disintegrating Ray (an early nuclear weapon of sorts, though not the first in world literature; see Robert Cromie) threatens to destroy the world's warships from a secret location, one by one, if the great powers refuse to disarm. They initially resist and he carries out his threat, though the protagonists of the tale track him down utilizing a second Invention ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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