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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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Expanded Horizons

US low-paying downloadable Online Magazine of Speculative Fiction, edited by D Ash (known as Dash) of Drums, Pennsylvania, and produced by J Cady (known as Jacie). Published monthly, with occasional gaps, since October 2008. It has been on hiatus since issue #60 (September 2018). / The magazine's stated mission is "to increase diversity in the field of speculative fiction" and provide a venue "so that under-represented minorities who tend to be represented unrealistically or negatively in ...

Leiber, Justin

(1938-2016) US academic philosopher from 1962 at various universities and author, son of Fritz Leiber; he used sf as a medium for speculation in his field of interest, the philosophy of the mind. Thus his first novel, Beyond Rejection (1980), which begins the Beyond sequence, deals in considerable detail with the problems of acclimatization associated with transplanting the recorded mind of a man into the body of a woman (see Identity Transfer) who incidentally has a prehensile tail, a physical ...

Steffens, Arthur Joseph

(1873-1939) UK author of fiction for boys, who also wrote as by Arthur S Hardy; most of his adventure tales are nonfantastic, though Azar the Mighty (1931 chap) as by Arthur S Hardy features a Tarzan hero, an Apes as Human sidekick, and Imperialist sentiments about matters of race. [JC/RR] see also: Boys' Friend Library; Boys' Papers. /

Harris, MacDonald

Pseudonym used by US academic and author Donald William Heiney (1921-1993) for most of his fiction from 1947 on; though composed in a smooth and accessible style, his novels (all as by Harris) tend significantly and non-mimetically to foreground any elements of fantasy (see Fabulation) with which they may deal. Bull Fire (1973) treats a modern family romance in terms of the myth of the Minotaur. The Balloonist (1976) recounts a failed 1897 Balloon expedition to the North Pole in terms ...


Love of money, being the root of all evil, has always played a leading part in literature, and sf is no exception: few plots could move without it. Precisely because it is so basic, however, speculative thought has rarely focused on it; it is one of those things that is habitually taken for granted. Money may change its form, and the dollar may be replaced by the Credit, but its centrality in human affairs is inviolable. / The commonest of all wish-fulfilment fantasies is the sudden ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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