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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Philip K Dick Award

Award founded in 1983 by admirers of Philip K Dick, who died in 1982. Because much of Dick's classic sf was published with no fanfare and initially without a hardcover edition, it seemed appropriate to give the award to a distinguished work of sf or fantasy of the previous year first published in paperback. The award was initially suggested by Thomas M Disch, who was for several years its administrator; he was succeeded by an administrative team of Algis Budrys and David G Hartwell; for a time ...

Laurie, André

Pseudonym of Paschal Grousset (1844-1909), French politician and author. His first political novel, Le rève d'un irreconciliable ["Dream of a Diehard"] (1869) and several political works were published under his real name, but thereafter he used the Laurie pseudonym. While living as a communard exile in London, Laurie wrote the original version of the book which was later published – significantly modified – as Les Cinq Cent Millions de la Begum (1879; preferred trans as The ...

Dinesen, Isak

Pseudonym of Danish author Karen Christenze von Blixen-Finecke (1885-1962), who also wrote as Karen Blixen, and as by Osceola and Pierre Andrézel; as Osceola she began to publish fiction as early as 1905, releasing much of this early work under a running head, Sandsynlige Historier ["Likely Stories"] between 1907 and 1909; some of this early work has been assembled in Efterladte Fortaellinger (coll 1975; cut, trans P M Mitchell and W D Paden of Danish-language stories, as Carnival: ...

Buck, Charles H

Pseudonym of US authors Ray Buck (?   -    ) and Hugh C Culik (1950-    ) for the Near Future medical thriller, The Master Cure (1989), in which white supremacists develop a virus intended to act only against "undesirables", which in this context means non-whites (see Race in SF). [JC]


The relationship of mythology to sf is close and deep, but not always obvious. Part of the confusion stems from the widely held belief that sf is itself a form of latter-day mythology, fulfilling comparable hungers in us. James Blish took issue with this argument, pointing out that myth is usually "static and final in intent and thus entirely contrary to the spirit of sf, which assumes continuous change". We restrict ourselves below to the role of traditional mythologies in sf and to the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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