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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Lewis, Sinclair

(1885-1951) US author, highly esteemed in the 1920s and 1930s for such novels as Main Street (1920) and Babbitt (1922), and first US winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 1930; but his reputation had much diminished before his death, and has not recovered. Lewis's first novel, Hike and the Aeroplane (1912) as by Tom Graham, is a juvenile centred on the Invention of a futuristic 200mph (320kph) aircraft. Arrowsmith (1925) may be less sf than fiction about science, contrasting the idealism ...


Japanese animation studio, based in Nakano, Tokyo and founded in 1972 by Osamu Dezaki, Yoshiaki Kawajiri, Masao Maruyama and Rintaro (real name Shigeyuki Hayashi, confused by some sources with his brother Masayuki Hayashi), who were former employees of Osamu Tezuka's Mushi Production studio (aka Mushi Pro). In 2004 the studio became a subsidiary of the Index Corporation; then, from 2011, of Nippon TV. / Madhouse's Anime output includes sf, Fantasy, Horror, sport, historical, crime, romance ...

New Voices

Original-Anthology series, subtitled "The Campbell Award Nominees", the first two volumes from Harcourt Brace & Jovanovich/Jove, #3-#4 from Berkley Books, the final volume from Bluejay Books; edited by George R R Martin. Each volume contained original novellas written (a few years later in most cases) by the four to six finalists from a particular year of the John W Campbell Award for the best new sf or fantasy writer. The books, which contained stories from the award winners for 1973 to ...

Cornwallis-West, G

(1874-1951) UK author, as well known for his marriages as for his fiction, his first (1900-1913) being to Jennie Churchill (1854-1921), mother of Sir Winston Churchill, whom he deserted for Mrs Patrick Campbell (1865-1940) as she was about to star in the London premiere of George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion in 1914, and whom he deserted in turn in 1919, leaving huge debts behind. In his Near Future sf novel, The Woman Who Stopped War (1935), Mary Sarn – who has already lost her lover in ...

Harding, Ellison

(1883-1952) US businessman and author whose The Demetrian (1907; vt The Woman Who Vowed 1908) is a Utopia set about two years in the future. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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