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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Franke, Herbert W

(1927-    ) Austrian-born author and scientist who, after receiving a doctorate in Vienna in 1950, moved to Munich, where he taught cybernetic aesthetics at the University of Munich; he has also written as by Sergius Both. After publishing considerable nonfiction in the 1950s, mostly on either speleology or computer graphics, he also began publishing sf, at first speculative short stories like those assembled in Der grüne Komet: Utopische-technische Kurzgeschichten ...

Balzac, Honoré de

(1799-1850) French author whose enormous oeuvre – currently assembled in the Pléïade series in an edition over 20,000 pages long [not listed below] – is like Jules Verne a bibliographer's nightmare. Of his numerous early sensational novels, few translations seem to exist, and his later supernatural fiction appears in very various and chameleon guises. But some titles are of genre interest: Le Centenaire: ou les deux Behringeld (1822 4vols as by Horace de Saint-Aubin; ...

Addams, Charles

(1912-1988) US cartoonist and illustrator, a prolific contributor to the magazine The New Yorker from 1932 until his death; he had a macabre sense of Humour and a firm brush-line and wash style. His cartoons were invariably signed Chas Addams. He is best known for his creation of the grotesque Addams Family, whom he first introduced in The New Yorker; these characters have been widely exploited on Television and in the Cinema [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. The family ...

Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize for Literature, chosen annually by the Swedish Academy – with occasional no-award years during World War One and World War Two – is not of course a genre Award. Below are listed the Nobel laureates in this category who have written sf or near-sf to the extent that they receive entries in the present encyclopedia. In addition to the honour, laureates receive a cash prize currently set at eight million Swedish kronor, roughly £730,000 or $900,000 in 2017. The ...

Powerpuff Girls, The

US animated tv series (1998-2005). Hanna-Barbera Cartoons (1998-2001); Cartoon Network Studios (2002-2005). Created by Craig McCracken. Directors include John McIntyre, Craig McCracken, Randy Myers and Genndy Tartakovsky. Writers include John McIntyre, Amy Keating Rogers and Chris Savino. Voice cast includes Catherine Cavadini, Elizabeth Daily, Roger L. Jackson, Tom Kane, Tom Kenny and Tara Strong. 78 23-minute episodes (usually with two stories), plus three shorts and three specials. Colour. ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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