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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Venezuelan Proto SF began with the short story "La Realidad Circundante" ["The Surrounding Reality"] by Julio Garmendia, published in his first book La Tienda de Muñecos ["The Doll Store"] (coll 1927). In this story Garmendia shows us a personality-adapting machine which can scientifically adapt any personality to a continuously changing world. Eleven years later Enrique Bernardo Núñez published La Galera de Tiberio ["Tiberius' Galley"] (1938), a novel that shows Venezuela ...

Clark, Alan M

(1957-    ) US illustrator and author, in the latter capacity mainly of horror, often in collaboration, beginning with Not Broken, Not Belonging (1994 chap), a novelette. His first novel, Promised (2005) with Jeremy Robert Johnson, is also horror, as is the Blood of Father Time sequence beginning with The New Cut (2007) with Stephen C Merritt and Lorelei Shannon. Some of his tales provide implied Horror in SF premises, but without much sense that such premises are central. / ...

Richards, Milton

Pseudonym of Canadian-born author Milo Milton Oblinger (1890-1963), in the US from early years, having taken out US citizenship in 1922; best known for his tales for boys, including the Dick Kent series of nonfantastic adventures in the North woods; of sf interest is The Valdmere Mystery; Or, the Atomic Ray (1929), in which the Invention of a deadly Ray threatens to unleash terrors on the world; but the villains are defeated. [JC]

St George, David

Joint pseudonym of UK author David Phillips (?   -    ) and Bulgarian engineer and author Georgi Markov, the latter in the UK from about 1971; his assassination in London at the hands of Bulgarian agents was admitted only in 1990 after the old government fell. In their spoofish Near Future Satire, The Right Honourable Chimpanzee (1978), a crisis-ridden UK elects an ape as prime minister (see Apes as Human). [JC]

Tonks, Angela

(1913-2003) UK author, in the USA from 1959, whose Mind Out of Time (1958) deals with a telepathic relationship (see ESP) between two men, beginning when they are both incarcerated during World War Two, and moving uneasily into the Cold War, where the intimacy must be broken. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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