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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 3 October 2022
Sponsor of the day: Bruce Gillespie

Stanley, Dorothy

(1855-1926) UK painter who worked as Dorothy Tennant and author, married to the explorer Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904). In her World War One novel, Miss Pym's Camouflage (1918), an essentially fantasy device – Invisibility at will, without any explanation – is applied with considerable wit as Miss Perdita Pym demonstrates her powers to the War Office (see Women in SF), is sent as a spy to Germany, engages in various adventures, and returns with valuable secrets. [JC]

Davis, Chandler

(1926-2022) US mathematician, academic and author, in Canada from 1960, after serving a short prison term for refusing to testify to the House Un-American Activities Committee and subsequently losing his position as professor at the University of Michigan; in 1991, the university initiated the annual Davis, Markert, Nickerson Lecture on Academic Freedom (Mark Nickerson and Clement Markert had also been dismissed after refusing to testify). As a mathematician, he published many influential ...

de Parville, Henri

Pseudonym of French author François Henri Peudefer (1838-1909) who is of sf interest for Un habitant de la planète Mars: roman d'anticipation (1865; trans Brian Stableford as An Inhabitant of the Planet Mars 2008), based on a hoax newspaper article by Peudefer (signed A Lomon). published 17 May 1865 Le Pays, and purporting to describe the discovery of a humanoid fossil from Mars in a deep geological stratum. The novel comprises in part a Satire on the process of scientific ...

Edric, Robert

Pseudonym of UK author Gary Edric Armitage (1956-    ), who began his career as G E Armitage with a nonfantastic novel, A Season of Peace (1985), continuing for two decades during which at least fifteen more novels, all but one as Robert Edric, were released – all of them nonfantastic, though The Broken Lands (1992), about the fatal arctic expedition headed by Sir John Franklin (1786-1847), pushes to the edge of Fantastika in its depiction of the survival of some crew ...

God Game

Term used to describe a form of Videogame in which the player has the powers of an actual or metaphorical god, as well as some of the limitations attributed to such entities by deist religions. A God Game will typically contain a simulation of a world, a nation or (more prosaically) a business, inhabited by mortals (or employees) conducting their own independent lives. The player is given specific powers – for example, the ability to cause divine earthquakes or to increase salaries ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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