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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 18 May 2022
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Verner, Gerald

Best-known pseudonym of UK author John Robert Stuart Pringle (1897-1980), who also wrote as by Donald Stuart, under which name he wrote forty-four Sexton Blake tales beginning in 1927, and as by Thane Leslie; along with these primary pseudonyms, he apparently also wrote as by Derwent Steele and Nigel Vane. The Vampire Men (1941) is a Vampire thriller. Most of Verner's work consisted of crime thrillers, though some fantastic content is discernible in some titles, including the occasional ...

Barnes, Myra Edwards

(1933-    ) US author of Linguistics and Language in Science Fiction-Fantasy (1975), a reprint of her 1971 PhD dissertation. This is a useful introduction to the subject (see Linguistics), although not as comprehensive as Aliens and Linguists: Language Study and Science Fiction (1980) by Walter E Meyers. [PN]

Berger, Harold L

(1923-2013) US academic and critic, a professor of English at the University of Connecticut at Hartford until his retirement in 1986. His Science Fiction and the New Dark Age (1976) is a study of Dystopian sf, taking in Genre SF as well as such Mainstream Writers of SF as Aldous Huxley and Michael Young. The book is useful though not incisive. [PN]

Devilman Crybaby

Japanese animated webseries (2018). Based on the Manga Devilman by Go Nagai. Science Saru. Directed by Masaaki Yuasa. Written by Ichirō Ōkouchi. Voice cast includes Ayumu Murase and Kouki Uchiyama. Ten 25-minute episodes. Colour. / Two boys grow up together: one, Ryo Asuka (Murase) is a compassionless Social Darwinist; the other, Akira Fudo (Uchiyama), is deeply sentimental, a crybaby. Years later, Ryo reveals he has discovered that demons live among humanity, possessing them: ...

Prime Directive

Item of Terminology popularized through the original television Star Trek, in which the Prime Directive – also known as Starfleet General Order #1 – prohibits interference with the "normal" development of a planetary or other culture; inevitably this is violated several times in the series and its sequels. Jack Williamson first introduced the term to sf in "With Folded Hands ..." (July 1947 Astounding), but with a meaning far removed from noninterference: his Robots insistently give ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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