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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Hughes, Monica

(1925-2003) UK-born author, from 1952 in Canada, where she won several awards in recognition of her Young Adult works, including the Canada Council Children's Literature Prize in 1982 and 1983. Her first sf novels, the Conshelf Ten sequence comprising Crisis on Conshelf Ten (1975) and its sequel, Earthdark (1977), utilize an Under-the-Sea and a Lunar (see Moon) setting to explore in a humane fashion the crises of adolescents in venues that, typically of her work in general, encompassingly keep ...

Kennedy, Leigh

(1951-    ) US author, in the UK since 1985; married to Christopher Priest 1988-2011. Her sf stories, beginning with "Salamander" for Analog in June 1977, combine generic sharpness of address and a "literary" density. "Her Furry Face" (mid-December 1983 Asimov's), perhaps her best-known single work, exemplifies this duality of effect in a striking presentation of love between species, human and primate (see Apes as Human), expressed disastrously through an attempt at Sex; it ...

Byrd, Bob

(?   -    ) US author of a Tarzan pastiche, Ka-Zar, King of Fang and Claw (October 1936 Ka-Zar as "King of Fang and Claw"; 1937), in which young David Rand, orphaned after a plane crash in Africa, becomes the lord of the jungle, calling himself Ka-Zar. [JC]

Superman II

Film (1980). Dovemead/International Film Production. Directed by Richard Lester (but see below). Written by Mario Puzo, David Newman, Leslie Newman (and, as "creative consultant", Tom Mankiewicz) from a story by Puzo. Cast includes Ned Beatty, Sarah Douglas, Gene Hackman, Margot Kidder, Jack O'Halloran, Christopher Reeve, Terence Stamp and Susannah York. 127 minutes. Colour. / Originally to be shot back-to-back with Superman, Superman II changed directors after conflict between the previous ...

Aldrin, Buzz

Working name of US fighter pilot (in Korea), astronaut with a research degree in orbital mechanics, rocket design entrepreneur and author Edwin Eugene Aldrin (1930-    ), whose first space flight was in Gemini XII in 1966, and whose most famous extraterrestrial moment was the Moon Walk in 1969 in which Neil Armstrong took the first step. His first sf novel is Encounter with Tiber (1996) with John Barnes; told by an historian aboard the first Starship in 2069, it recounts two ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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