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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 18 May 2022
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Costello, Frederick H

(1851-1921) US author of the Prehistoric SF novel Sure-Dart: A Story of Strange Hunters and Stranger Game in the Days of Monsters (1909), set at a time when eastern Colorado was an inland sea, and human boys hunted dinosaurs (see Scientific Errors). [JC]

Delany, Martin R

(1812-1885) US physician, soldier, newspaper editor, author and advocate of Black rights, during a period when it was anything but safe for an African-American to speak out (though he was born free, his mother broke the law when she taught him to read and write). Success in each of his several fields of endeavour was fraught with risk, as his patent accomplishments deeply affronted white Americans; student protests caused his removal from medical studies at Harvard in 1850, with the connivance ...


An archipelago is a cluster of Islands or Cities or Polders sufficiently intersective to make up a whole larger than the parts, but free from the plethoric incessancy that can lock down the mise-en-scène of a tale set inescapably in some single land [for Polders see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below.] As should become evident, the term archipelago is not understood here as taken from or developing in any significant way John Kerrigan's arguments in Archipelagic English: ...

Tügel, Ludwig

(1889-1972) German author, in active service during both World War One and World War Two; his literary reputation – never high outside Germany, as his standard-issue heroic eloquence about War did not translate as well as that of his brilliant compatriot Ernst Jünger – sank permanently after 1933, when he joined the National-socialist German Workers' Party. He is of moderate sf interest for Der Wiedergänger (1929; trans Norman Gullick as The Visitant 1931), in which a ...

Harbottle, Philip

(1941-    ) UK local government officer and sf researcher. Harbottle is the world authority on the works of John Russell Fearn (whom see for details of Harbottle's involvement in his posthumous career) whose literary estate he represents and with whom he has posthumously collaborated, completing several stories. His bibliographical study of Fearn is John Russell Fearn – an Evaluation (1963 chap; exp vt John Russell Fearn: The Ultimate Analysis 1965 chap; further exp vt ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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