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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 4 July 2022
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Great and Small

One of the commonest fantastic devices in literature and legend is the alteration of scale. Mythology and folklore abound with giants and miniature humans, and different perspectives dependent upon changes of scale are central to many of the Satires recognized today as works of Proto SF, most notably Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726; rev 1735) and Voltaire's Micromegas (in Le Micromégas de Mr. de Voltaire ..., coll 1752; trans anon 1753). Mark Twain's uncompleted works include ...

Military SF

War and especially Future War are enduring sf themes. The melodramatic excesses of Space-Opera warfare faded with the pulps, although they were never to die out entirely. Complementing such extravagance, there grew up a more disciplined and more realistic notion of the kind of armies which might fight interplanetary and interstellar wars, and the kinds of Weapons they might use. / In this context a new tradition of militaristic sf grew up in the 1950s and 1960s. Precursors of this subgenre ...

Kukalis, Romas B

(1956-    ) American artist, born in Canada, who usually identifies himself simply as Romas and has also used his full name, Romas Brandt Kukalis. As a child he moved to the United States, and in 1989 he officially became an American citizen. After training at the Paier College of Art in Connecticut, he did some early Comic illustration for Creepy, Eerie, Heavy Metal, and Conan the Barbarian. He also began painting book covers for Tower Books and Leisure Books, displaying ...

Bolander, Brooke

(?   -    ) US author who has also written as by RoboNinja, and who began to release work of genre interest with "Trickster Blues" in Reflection's Edge for October 2008. Much of her fiction – directly or indirectly, through a range of "animal" protagonists and characters – challenges the Homo sapiens presumption that not only do we rule planet Earth but that we are the only actors in the world. Her first book-length work, the novelette The Only ...

Frazetta, Frank

(1928-2010) American illustrator, born Frank Frazzetta; he dropped the second "z" to create what he thought would be a better professional name. A native New Yorker, he studied at the Brooklyn Academy of Fine Arts and, at the age of sixteen, began drawing professionally for Comics. He worked on the comic strips Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, Flash Gordon, and (for nine years) Li'l Abner, and briefly drew his own comic strip, Johnny Comet. He also contributed to comic books published by DC ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...



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