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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 31 January 2023
Sponsor of the day: The Telluride Institute

Lie Detectors

Sf authors frequently invoke devices that can tell truth from falsehood a great deal more reliably than real-world polygraphs. The latter are anticipated in "The First Watch" (June 1909 Hampton's Magazine) by Edwin Balmer and William MacHarg, later included in The Achievements of Luther Trant (coll 1910), while their mechanical limitations are considered in G K ...

Maddoux, Marlin

(1933-2004) US radio talk host, founder of International Christian Media and the National Center for Freedom and Renewal, and author whose The Seal of Gaia: A Novel of the Antichrist (1998) conceives in Christian terms of apocalyptic events in a 2033 world run by a single government in the name of Gaia, but whose secret agenda (see Paranoia) is evil. [JC]

Handley, Max

(1945-1990) UK scriptwriter and author known in the sf world only for Meanwhile (1977), an intricately comic Fabulation crammed to bursting point with devices from the whole spectrum of sf and fantasy (see Equipoise), from Clones to Mother Goddesses to anthropophagists, all introduced by a sharply knowledgeable hand. [JC]

Martel, Suzanne

(1924-2012) Canadian author some of whose earlier work, mostly written for Young Adult readers, is sf, including Quatre Montréalais en l'an 3000 (1963; rev vt Surréal 3000 1966; 1963 version trans Norah Smaridge as The City Under Ground 1964), in which Montreal has been transformed into a Keep deep under Mount Royal (see Underground), a ...

Pape, Gordon

(1936-    ) US-born journalist author, in Canada from 1950; his sf novel, Chain Reaction (1978) with Tony Aspler, concern the Near Future assassination of a Canadian politician that threatens World War Three. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for ...

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