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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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With sf/fantasy long a subject for academic study, especially in the USA, many major institutional collections have been built up, a process which has supplemented but in no sense supplanted the large number of private collections amassed by fans and scholars. From the first, Genre SF has tended to be published in formats significantly (and foolishly) slighted in the accession policies of every category of institutional library – from university libraries to libraries of record like the ...

Garn, Jake

Working name of US politician and author Edwin Jacob Garn (1932-    ), a Republican, US Senator for Utah 1974-1993. During his tenure, he flew on the Space Shuttle Discovery in 1985, the first sitting member of the US Congress to engage personally in Space Flight. His sf novel, Night Launch (1989) with Stephen Paul Cohen of the Brookings Institute, posits a Near Future neo-Nazi terrorist takeover of the Discovery, but justice triumphs. [JC]

Clinton, George

(?1940-    ) US funk musician, famous for his two connected groups, Parliament and Funkadelic. Many of the musicians from these collectives played on albums released under Clinton's name as solo albums. Computer Games (1982) has been especially heavily sampled by subsequent hip-hop and funk acts (the track "Atomic Dog" in particular); and the title track of You Shouldn't-Nuf Bit Fish (1983) refers, in characteristically goofy-cool style, to nuclear war (the "fish" refers ...

Star Trek [film]

Film (2009). Paramount Pictures and Spyglass Entertainment present a Bad Robot/MavroCine Pictures production. Directed by J J Abrams. Written by Roberto Orci & Alex Kurtzman, based on the television series created by Gene Roddenberry. Cast includes Eric Bana, John Cho, Bruce Greenwood, Chris Hemsworth, Leonard Nimoy, Simon Pegg, Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto, Zoe Saldana, Karl Urban and Anton Yelchin. 127 minutes. Colour. / In the year 2387 the elderly Ambassador Spock fails in a suicide ...

Graeme, Bruce

Pseudonym of UK author Graham Montague Jeffries (1900-1982), mostly of crime stories, the best known of these being the Blackshirt sequence, beginning with Blackshirt (coll 1925), the eponymous author-with-a-secret-identity having near but not quite Superhero powers; of the stories featuring him, Blackshirt the Adventurer (1936) is of sf interest, being set (as George Locke has interestingly claimed) in a genuine criminal Dystopia beneath London (see Underground). Less interestingly, Son of ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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