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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Friedberg, Gertrude

(1908-1989) US author who also taught. Her career as a playwright began early, with Three Cornered Moon (1933), which was later filmed, but she began publishing sf only in April 1963, with "The Short and Happy Death of George Frumkin" for The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. Her fine sf novel The Revolving Boy (1966) strikingly tells the story of a child sensitive from his unique birth in free fall to signals, possibly intelligent in origin, from beyond the solar system. He reveals his ...

Avengers: Infinity War

Film (2018). Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures (see The Walt Disney Company) presents a Marvel Studios production. Directed by Anthony Russo and Joe Russo. Written by Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely, based on The Avengers by Jack Kirby and Stan Lee with story motifs incorporated from Marvel Comics' The Infinity Gauntlet (July-December 1991) written by Jim Starlin and Infinity (August-November 2013) written by Jonathan Hickman. Cast includes Dave Bautista, Paul Bettany, Chadwick ...

Climate Change

Owing to the increasing scientific consensus that our energy-intensive technological civilization is measurably and in all likelihood irreversibly affecting Earth's climate, consideration of climate change has become virtually inevitable in serious Near Future sf of the twenty-first century. Fiction centred on climate change is occasionally referred to as Cli-Fi, a term less usefully applied to sf – where climate change has underwritten or been the explicit focus of many texts for many ...

Clarke, I F

(1918-2009) UK Intelligence officer and code-cracker during World War Two, Professor of English (from 1964) at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, and author. His first major publication was the Bibliography The Tale of the Future: From the Beginning to the Present Day: A Check-list of those Satires, Ideal States, Imaginary Wars and Invasions, Political Warnings and Forecasts, Interplanetary Voyages and Scientific Romances All Located in an Imaginary Future Period – that have been ...

Crusher Joe

Japanese animated film (1983). Based on the novels by Haruka Takachiho. Studio Nue, Nippon Sunrise. Directed by Yoshikazu Yasuhiko. Written by Haruka Takachiho and Yasuhiko Yoshikazu. Voice cast includes Reiko Mutō, Chikao Ohtsuka, Run Sasaki and Hiroshi Takemura. 132 minutes. Colour. / In 2161 Crusher Joe (Takemura) and his team of Crushers (basically, hardcore interstellar odd-jobbers) are hired to deliver a cryogenically frozen woman (see Cryonics); but her casket is stolen during ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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