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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 30 January 2023
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Hawthorne, Julian

(1846-1934) US author, journalist and anthologist, the son of Nathaniel Hawthorne, of whom he wrote a biography, and father of writer Hildegarde Hawthorne (1871-1952). Julian forever lived in the shadow of his father and never mustered even a fraction of Nathaniel's reputation; indeed he sullied the family name when he became inadvertently involved in a speculation fraud in 1908 which made others rich and put him in gaol for a few months in 1913. In a ...

Universal Translator

Automated language translation is a highly convenient plot device for sf stories, facilitating Communication with Aliens without miring the action in realistic examination of Linguistic issues. An early example is the Language Rectifier facility of the Telephot videophone in Hugo Gernsback's Ralph 124C 41+: A Romance of the Year 2660 (April 1911-March 1912 ...

Moore, Phyllis S

(?   -    ) Canadian author, whose sf tale, Williwaw! (1978), about Near Future separatist revolt in Newfoundland, is surprisingly violent. [JC]

Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Film (1977). Columbia. Directed by Steven Spielberg. Script credited to Spielberg but early draft actually written by Paul Schrader (1946-    ), who disagreed with Spielberg over the treatment of his script and withdrew his name from the project. Cast includes Bob Balaban, Melinda Dillon, Richard Dreyfuss, Teri Garr, Cary Guffey and François Truffaut. 135 minutes. Colour. / After Star Wars ...


Philippine/Singapore/Malaysian/US animated online tv series (2021-current). Lex + Otis, Tiger Animation. Based on the Comic by Budjette Tan and Kajo Baldisimo. Directors include David Hartman and Jay Oliva. Written by Zig Marasigan, Mihk Vergara and Tanya Yuson. Voice cast includes Apollo Abraham, Eric Bauza, Simon dela Cruz, Matthew Yang King, Shay Mitchell, Griffin Puatu, Liza Soberano and Christian Verlarde. Six 25- to 34-minute episodes. / Following in ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. ...

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