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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Gernsback, Hugo

Working and perhaps eventually legal name of Luxembourg-born US inventor, author, editor and publisher Hugo Gernsbacher (1884-1967), who emigrated to America in 1904 to market his various minor inventions. A successful catalogue of radio parts led to a focus on publishing magazines, mostly dealing with practical science or sf, though his most popular magazine may have been the mildly scandalous Sexology. Gernsback made important contributions to the growth and development of modern sf as a ...

Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de

(1900-1944) French aviator and author, most famous for Le Petit Prince (1943 chap; trans Katherine Woods as The Little Prince 1943 chap; new trans Richard Howard 2000); the new translation is preferred. Regarded as an existential fable for adults as well as one of the century's best children's books, the story concerns a young prince who leaves his cosy Asteroid home to explore neighbouring worlds, among them Earth. His deceptively simple adventures form a poignant Satire of modern society and ...

Erdman, Paul E

(1932-2007) Canadian-born author (of American parents), in US and Europe most of his life; consulting economist in 1958 to the European Coal and Steel Community, and a senior banker in Switzerland – where he spent eight months in jail awaiting trial on financial charges before skipping bail; he also broadcast widely. His thrillers – some of them being genuine Near-Future sf of an interesting kind – make extensive use of his experiences as an investment banker, and tend to ...

Diffin, Charles W

(1884-1966) US engineer, airplane salesman and author who graduated with a degree in analytical chemistry from the University of Buffalo, New York. He was most active with the magazines published by William Clayton and Street & Smith. He was one of the better writers whom Harry Bates encouraged to write for the new Astounding Stories (see Astounding), though he rapidly descended into formulaic fiction. His first, "Spawn of the Stars" (February 1930 Astounding), has Earth invaded by ...

Giancola, Donato

(1967-    ) American artist, at times credited simply as Donato. After initially studying engineering in college, Giancola shifted his focus to art, obtaining a BFA in painting from Syracuse University College of Visual Arts in 1992. Almost immediately, he began receiving assignments to paint covers for major publishers, including Tor Books and Ace Books, creatively employing his classical training to depict unusual settings and beings – as observed, for example, in ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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