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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Javor, Frank A

Working name of US author Francis Anthony Jaworski (1916-2003), who wrote an estimated 10,000 "how to" articles for service magazines; he also wrote as F A Javor. He published six stories in sf magazines in 1963 and 1964, his first such appearance being "Patriot" (August 1963 Analog); three tales were included in the Judith Merril Year's Best S-F series of anthologies. The Eli Pike series of sf novels – The Rim-World Legacy (1967; exp as coll vt The Rim-World Legacy and Beyond 1991), ...

Rossmann, John F

(1942-    ) US author of the Mind Masters sequence, beginning with The Mind Masters (1974), in which a Vietnam vet, whose ESP powers have been activated by trauma, joins a secret organization whose goal is to prevent the powers-that-be from subverting research into paranormal phenomena; as the series progresses, Equipoisal shifts between sf and supernatural horror weaken its occasional strengths. The last two volumes were as by Ian Ross. [JC]

Leonhart, Rudolph

(circa 1832-1901) German-born author, in the USA from 1852, specifically in Minnesota, where he witnessed the Battles of New Ulm in 1862 between white settlers and the Sioux nation. Two of his novels are of some sf interest: The Treasure of Montezuma (1888), in which a Utopia is founded in the hidden valley of Friedenstahl with the aid of the eponymous hoard; and Either, Or (1893), a Satire on the Gilded Age in America that leads to a second ideal society. [JC]


Film (1995). Paramount Pictures presents a Gary Lucchesi production. Directed by Brett Leonard. Written by Eric Bernt. Cast includes Russell Crowe, Kelly Lynch and Denzel Washington. 102 minutes. Colour. / Virtuosity combines Hollywood staple themes of Virtual Reality and the indestructible killer, but at its heart is a traditional thriller of cop versus criminal. SID 6.7 (Crowe) is a debonair, if psychotic Artificial Intelligence (see AI), SID being an acronym for "Sadistic, Intelligent, ...

Parasitism and Symbiosis

Parasitism and symbiosis are Nature's extreme forms of commensalism (physical association). A parasitic species promotes its own interests entirely to the detriment of the other; symbiosis refers to the much less common state in which both organisms obtain some benefit from the association. / Imaginary parasites of human beings are featured in many effective sf Horror stories, often linked to the idea of vampirism (although classical Vampires might better be regarded as predators than as ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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