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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 September 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Skylark Award

The familiar name for the E E Smith or Edward E Smith Memorial Award, an Award presented in memory of E E Smith by the New England Science Fiction Association (NESFA) at Boskone, its annual Convention. Winners, who are chosen by vote of NESFA members, are honoured for having "contributed significantly to science fiction, both through work in the field and by exemplifying the personal qualities which made the late 'Doc' Smith well-loved by those who knew him." The trophy incorporates a large and ...

Wicked City

Japanese Original Video Animation (OVA) (1987). Madhouse. Based on the novels by Hideyuki Kikuchi. Directed by Yoshiaki Kawajiri. Written by Norio Osada. Voice cast includes Takeshi Aono, Toshiko Fujita, Ichirō Nagai, Yūsaku Yara and Mari Yokoo. 82 minutes. Colour. / A woman (Yokoo), seemingly the one he has been dating for three months, invites Renzaburo Taki (Yara) back to her place. After sex she transforms, clasping him with four spider-like limbs – a set of vagina ...

Ebenbach, David

(1972-    ) US academic, poet and author, active from around 2000; He began publishing work of genre interest with "Team Orderly Mars" in Not One of Us for October 2016, his earlier short stories, variously assembled, are nonfantastic. He is of sf interest for his third novel, How to Mars (early version May/June 2021 Analog; 2021), in which a cadre of scientists, on a publicity-shaped mission to Mars, find themselves isolated when their reality show link is broken (see Media ...

France, Anatole

Working name of Jacques Anatole-François Thibault (1844-1924), French author active from the early 1860s until his death; he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1921. His essayistic "pagan" Satires seem perhaps less relevant now than formerly, their amused rationality failing to bite with sufficient savagery into targets like official religion and sexual prudery. Of sf interest are Sur la pierre blanche (1904 l'Humanité; coll of linked stories 1905; trans Charles E Roche as The ...

Laser Squad

Videogame (1988). Target Games (TG). Designed by Julian Gollop. Platforms: C64, Spectrum (1988); Amiga, Amstrad, AtariST (1989); DOS (1992). / Laser Squad is a turn-based Computer Wargame with a two-dimensional overhead view whose subject is combat between small groups of soldiers on the surfaces of alien worlds. Its game mechanics greatly resemble those of squad level Wargames such as Starsoldier (1977) (see Starforce: Alpha Centauri), adapted for a Videogame. Many early Computer Wargames ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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