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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Lindsay, Vachel

(1879-1931) US poet, the clanging visionary primitivism of whose best-known work – the poems assembled in The Congo and Other Poems (coll 1914) – may have been ingenuous; some of the poems in Going-to-the-Sun (coll 1923) are of sf interest (see Poetry), one of them being adapted by John Clute for his sf novel Appleseed (2001). His Cinema criticism – assembled in The Art of the Moving Picture (coll 1915) and The Progress and Poetry of the Movies: A Second Book of Film Criticism ...

General Semantics

A quasi-philosophical movement founded in Chicago in 1938 by Count Alfred Korzybski, whose Science and Sanity (1933) was the basic handbook of the movement. General Semantics had a surprising success, peaking in the 1940s and 1950s. It teaches that first unsanity and later insanity are caused by adherence to an Aristotelian worldview, by which is meant the use of the two-valued either-or logic which Korzybski saw as being built into Indo-European language structures. From this simple beginning ...

Gardner, John [2]

(1933-1982) US author and academic who achieved popularity with his large contemporary novel, The Sunlight Dialogues (1972); much of his work is fantastic, but none of it is in fact sf [for full entry see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. His second novel, The Wreckage of Agathon (1970), is a fantasy of history set in an anachronistic Sparta; his third, Grendel (1971), mordantly recasts the Beowulf legend from the Monster's point of view, and renders – more pointedly than ...

Flynn, Tom

(1955-2021) US humanist, journalist who edited Free Inquiry magazine from 2010 until his death, and author whose first story, "Meanwhile on the Planet Vatican" for Free Inquiry in Fall 1999, feeds directly into his Galactic Rapture/Messiah Games sequence opening with the lengthy Galactic Rapture (2000; vt Messiah Games 2018); this first volume was also repackaged with possible revisions as the trio The Messiah Game: A Comedy of Terrors – Part 1 (2012), The Messiah Emerges (2012) and The ...

Robertson, J R

(?   -    ) Author whose single sf novel for Robert Hale Limited is The Crab Eagle Trees (1978). [DRL]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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