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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Kimball, Ward

(1914-2002) US animator, director and producer, one of Walt Disney's "nine old men" (see The {WALT DISNEY COMPANY}). / Kimball, full name Ward Walrath Kimball, was born in Minneapolis. He studied at the Santa Barbara School of the Arts, then joined the Disney studio in 1934 as an inbetweener (drawing intermediate frames between key frames so the animation looks smooth); he became an animator in 1936 and was the Animation Supervisor or Directing Animator on films such as Pinocchio (1940), ...

Strachey, John St Loe

(1860-1927) UK journalist, editor (in collaboration with C L Graves) and author of suavely put and extremely influential left-centre opinions; he dominated The Spectator from about 1890 until shortly before his death. This mind-set is reflected in his two books of sf interest: The Great Bread Riots; Or, What Came of Fair Trade (1885 chap) as S L S, a Near Future tale told as from the year 1934, describes the dire imagined consequences of abandoning free trade (see Economics); How England Became ...

Zentner, Alexi

(1973-    ) Canadian author, now in USA, active since around 2007; he also writes as by Ezekiel Boone. His first novel, Touch (short version 2007 Tin House; 2011), is a fantasy set mostly in the Canadian north, in a small town where continued logging activities may be arousing chthonic wrath (see Gaia); The Lobster Kings (2014) re-enacts William Shakespeare's King Lear (1606) on a lonely Island. The Hatching sequence, beginning with The Hatching (2016) as by Ezekiel Boone, ...


Film (1978). MGM. Directed by Michael Crichton. Written by Crichton, based on Coma (1977) by Robin Cook. Cast includes Genevieve Bujold, Michael Douglas, Rip Torn and Richard Widmark. 113 minutes. Colour. / Crichton's most commercially successful film, Coma is a present-day thriller with one sf element: the use of hospital patients, deliberately put into irreversible coma by using poisoned anaesthetic, as living repositories of body parts which are profitably sold for use in transplant ...

Gipe, George

(1933-1986) US tv and film scriptwriter and author known within the sf field for several competent film Ties: Resurrection (1980), Gremlins (1984) (see Joe Dante), Explorers (1985) (see Explorers) and Back to the Future (1985) (see Back to the Future). [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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