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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Sandler, Karen

(?   -    ) US author, initially of romances, some with supernatural elements (they are not listed below); of sf interest is the Tankborn sequence, comprising to date Tankborn (2011) and Awakening (2013), set on a planet where Genetically Engineered slaves, the "tankborn", suffer privations until it begins to become clear that their world is a Dystopia vulnerable to change. [JC]

Hawkes, Jacquetta

(1910-1996) UK archaeologist and author, daughter of the Nobel Prize-winning biochemist Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins (1861-1947); known mainly for such works outside the sf field as The Land (1951). Her second marriage was to J B Priestley, which lasted from 1953 until his death in 1984. She was a co-founder of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Hawkes was made an OBE in 1952. / Her first work of genre interest, Fables (coll 1953; vt A Woman as Great as the World and Other Fables 1953), ...

Graphic Novel

To speak of the graphic novel is to speak of a particular kind of Comic book – usually a book-length work in the comics format published in a non-periodical format – but to do so is to risk applying what has become a marketing term to questions of definition, transforming a practical distinction into what looks superficially like a separate genre. In 2004, in response to the widespread misunderstanding of the implications of the term, the artist and illustrator Eddie Campbell ...

Blumenfeld, F Yorick

(1932-    ) Dutch-born author, in the US from 1941 and latterly in the UK; son of the German artist and photographer Erwin Blumenfeld (1897-1969), about whom he wrote The Naked and the Veiled: The Photographic Nudes of Erwin Blumenfeld (1999). His first sf novel, Jenny Ewing: My Diary (1981 chap; vt Jenny: My Diary 1982 chap) as by Jenny Ewing offers an exceedingly grim Post-Holocaust vision of the UK after nuclear devastation, as seen by the reluctant survivor whose ...


US Online Magazine and Semiprozine that called itself "The Online Journal of Speculative Imagination", produced by Steve Algieri through Eternity Press, Norcross, Georgia. It ran for 21 issues between September 1997 and March 2000, mostly monthly, but bimonthly from February 1999. Most of the early issues have now been lost but parts of those from #11 (September 1998) onwards can still be found in various archives. Contributors included Cathy Buburuz, Ken Rand, W Gregory Stewart and Patrick ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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