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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Vortex, The

US Amateur Magazine, two issues 1947, edited by Gordon M Kull and George R Cowie from San Francisco. The Vortex is listed in some indexes as a Semiprozine because of the production quality of the first issue, although the content was by unknown amateurs and it was distributed free. It was attractively printed on glossy paper, in a square Digest format. All the money was spent on the first issue and so the second, which included name writers like David H Keller and Stanley Mullen, was ...

Airship Destroyer, The

Film (1909; vt The Aerial Torpedo, 1915). Charles Urban Trading Company. Directed and written by Walter R Booth. The attribution of the story to Jules Verne is false. Cast not given. 11 minutes. Black and white. / The Airship Destroyer, which merits notice as one of the first sf films, translates with some efficiency into visual terms the popular Future War Invasion story in which England is threatened from abroad. The film is signboarded into three parts. Preparation: somewhere in the ...

Gandalf Award

An Award created by Lin Carter to honour Fantasy authors, voted and administered in parallel with the annual Hugo Awards and presented at the Hugo ceremony (an invariable feature of Worldcon). The Grand Master of Fantasy award, for life achievement in fantasy, was given each year from 1974 to 1981; dates below are the dates of presentation. Additionally, Gandalfs for book-length fantasy were presented in 1978 and 1979 only. [DRL] Grand Master of Fantasy 1974: J R R Tolkien ...

Tolstaya, Tatyana

(1951-    ) Russian broadcaster, journalist and author, grand-daughter of Alexei Tolstoy; she should not be confused with Tatyana Sukhotina-Tolstaya (1864-1950), daughter of Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910); Tolstaya herself is Leo's great-grandniece. She is of sf interest for her first novel, Kys' (2000; trans Jamey Gambrell as The Slynx 2003), a fantasticated Utopia set in a Ruined Earth Russia 200 years hence, where Mutants are savagely oppressed, a nearly insane dictator rules ...

Greenlee, MacCowan

(1863-1920) US editor and author in whose Science Fantasy tale, The Lure of the Purple Star (1912), a manuscript cast away in a bottle from the Titanic enables the narrator to discover an Egyptian Time Travel potion and to travel into Biblical times, there to fall in love with a woman out of the Song of Solomon. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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