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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Margroff, Robert E

(1930-2015) US author who published his first story, "Monster Tracks", in If in October 1964 solo, but became best known for the collaborations with Piers Anthony which comprise all his book-length work. These began with two sf novels, The Ring (1968) – the titular device being imposed on criminals to provide an artificial conscience that punishes conscious wrongdoing with severe pain (see Crime and Punishment) – and the rather more lightweight The E.S.P. Worm (1970). After a ...

Peters, Alan

(?   -?   ) UK author of The Secret Formula (1932), a Near Future tale in which a cure for cancer is discovered (see Medicine). [JC]


Loanword in Japanese, derived from "animation", thought to be in occasional use since the rise of locally-made feature cartoons in the late 1950s, but popularized through its appropriation by Osamu Tezuka on the production of the Television series Tetsuwan Atomu ["Mighty Atom"] (1963; vt Astro Boy). Tezuka used the truncated term to refer to a truncated product, the "limited" animation, often at eight or less new images per second, as opposed to the "full" animation in cinemas that usually ...

Race in SF

Racial matters have long been a very highly charged category of Politics. Early science-fictional discussion of the problems of race relations would often distance the issues by a metaphorical transfer to the imaginary or Alien societies of Lost Worlds and other planets, since serious speculation tended to be swamped by anxious fantasies – notably the spectre of the Yellow Peril – and by the kind of unthinking racism and antisemitism which were for many years endemic in popular ...

Ingpen, Robert

(1936-    ) Australian artist, illustrator and author, active from the late 1950s; most of his work is nonfiction or fantasy, the latter usually for children; he has also illustrated a very wide range of titles. He is of sf interest for the Australian Gnomes sequence beginning with Australian Gnomes (1979), which won a 1980 Ditmar Award for best novel, though its narrative elements are presented in the form of a fictional encyclopedia. The gnomes in question are miniature ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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