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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Ryman, Geoff

(1951-    ) Canadian-born author who moved to the USA at age eleven, in the UK since 1973. He began publishing sf with "The Diary of the Translator" for New Worlds in 1976, but began to generate significant work only with the magazine version of The Unconquered Country: A Life History (Spring 1984 Interzone; rev 1986), which won the BSFA Award and the World Fantasy Award. It is the story of a young woman forced by poverty and the terrible conditions afflicting her native ...

Webzine

Webzine has become an almost universal term for an Online Magazine, the earliest reference to it according to the Oxford English Dictionary being in December 1994. In this encyclopedia we use the term Online Magazine to cover all digital magazines, which include both webzines and E-Zines, the distinction being that a webzine is only accessible via a website. A few digital magazines existed before the development of the world wide web and took the form either of an E-Zine or a CD-ROM. Webzines ...

Méliès, Georges

(1861-1938) French theatre and film director and entrepreneur. A natural showman, Méliès began his theatrical career as a conjurer, designing his own trick gadgets, against the wishes of his family, whose wealth came from manufacturing shoes. In 1888, his father's death allowed him to sell his interest in the firm, helping to provide him with the finances to buy the Théâtre Robert-Houdin, and his magic shows there became famous. In 1896, inspired by the Lumière ...

Keep

Term used in this encyclopedia to cover various sf extrapolations of the walled, gated or segregated community; it is very roughly equivalent to the Edifice in fantasy [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. The sf term. It is taken from Fury (May-July 1947 Astounding as by Lawrence O'Donnell; 1950; vt Destination Infinity 1956) by Henry Kuttner and C L Moore, where Keeps are fortified domes Under the Sea into which humanity has retreated from the savage environment of Venus. ...

Lee Tung

(?   -    ) Indian author whose interesting sf novel, The Wind Obeys Lama Toru (1967), is a complex story about Overpopulation in which fertility and sterility Drugs act and counteract, driving the population up and down disastrously until the year 2175. [JC]

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...



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