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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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God Game

Term used to describe a form of Videogame in which the player has the powers of an actual or metaphorical god, as well as some of the limitations attributed to such entities by deist religions. A God Game will typically contain a simulation of a world, a nation or (more prosaically) a business, inhabited by mortals (or employees) conducting their own independent lives. The player is given specific powers – for example, the ability to cause divine earthquakes or to increase salaries ...

Younghusband, Francis

(1863-1942) UK soldier, explorer, journalist and author, now notorious (though praised at the time) for his almost certainly unauthorized invasion of Tibet in 1903-1904 (see Imperialism), in which it is estimated (perhaps exaggeratedly) that up to a thousand Tibetan monks were killed for each British soldier who died; too old for active combat in World War One, he helped form a ginger group advocating its ruthless continuation. Younghusband later became a spiritualist, an influence on Lord ...

Cover, Arthur Byron

(1950-    ) US author. He was involved in the Clarion Science Fiction Writers' Workshop in 1971-1972, and began publishing sf with "Gee, Isn't He the Cutest Little Thing?" in Alien Condition (anth 1973) edited by Stephen Goldin. His first novel, Autumn Angels (1975), the first of the very loose Autumn Angels sequence, with introduction by Harlan Ellison, depicts in hallucinated language a Far-Future Earth, with Linguistic and cultural jokes proliferating rather exhaustingly, ...

Tezuka Osamu

(1928-1989) The premier artist in the world of Japanese Manga (Comics) and animation, in both of which he established a standard. He began contributing serial comic strips to a regional newspaper in 1946 while in junior college. He became a leader in Japanese comics with Shin Takarajima ["The New Treasure Island"] (1947). An early manga trilogy of note comprises Lost World (1948), Metropolis (1949), and Nextworld (1951). The first concerns the exploration of a Dinosaur-inhabited planet formed ...

Hammill, Peter

British composer and musician, best known as the lead singer of Van der Graaf Generator. His solo releases, most of them similar to the prog-rock complexities of his group work, have been varied and, often, rather wayward. Popular success has eluded him although he inspires great devotion in his fans. "Imperial Zeppelin", on Hammill's first solo album Fool's Mate (1971), is an unusual example of steampunk SF-pop, possibly indebted to Michael Moorcock's Edwardian fantasies. His second solo work, ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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