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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Inner Space

In sf Terminology, an antonym to "outer space". The term was probably first used in the sf field by Robert Bloch in a speech at the 1948 Worldcon, but was not widely disseminated at that time. However, in "They Come from Inner Space" (5 December 1953 The New Statesman) – an essay he later included in Thoughts in the Wilderness (coll 1957) – J B Priestley more conspicuously suggested that sf mistakenly substituted visions of Space Flight and far frontiers for inward contemplation: / ...

Emmerton, Anton

(?   -    ) US author of two Near Future adventure thrillers, Blood Red Sky (1985), which involves a secret weapon, and High Command (1986), in which Britain has been taken over by the USSR; Ghost Pilot (1987) is a World War Two ghost story involving a revenant pilot. [JC]

Nowlan, Philip Francis

(1888-1940) US author whose first sf story, "Armageddon – 2419 A.D." (August 1928 Amazing) – published in the same issue of Amazing Stories that featured the inception of E E "Doc" Smith's Skylark saga – introduced Anthony "Buck" Rogers to the world, helping to inaugurate the reign of full-grown interstellar Space Opera in American sf. This and a sequel, "The Airlords of Han" (March 1929 Amazing), were revised and put together in 1962, long after Nowlan's death, as Armageddon ...

Alhaiza, Adolphe

(1839-1922) French journalist and author, a disciple of the socialist philosopher Charles Fourier (1772-1839). Of sf interest is Cybèle, Voyage extraordinaire dans l'avenir (1891 as by Jean Chambon; trans Brian Stableford as Cybele: An Extraordinary Voyage into the Future 2013), in which a young man is transported by astral projection to the planet Cybèle, across the galaxy and identical to Earth, except for the fact that 6,000 years have passed here. He controls his astonishment ...

Webb, A C

(1894-1985) US author and pathologist who began publishing sf with "The Double Lightning" for Amazing Detective Tales (see Scientific Detective Monthly) in June 1930 and "Underground Waters" for Science Wonder Quarterly (see Wonder Stories Quarterly), Winter 1930. He soon became inactive, only much later producing his short sf novel Farewell to the Bomb (1967 chap), a somewhat incoherent tale in which a fiend in human shape assembles 50,000 people in Underground Antarctic caves as a preliminary ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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