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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Land of the Dead

Film (2005). Universal Pictures and Atmosphere Entertainment MM present a Mark Canton-Bernie Goldmann and Romero-Grunwald production in association with Wild Bunch. Directed by George Romero. Written by Romero. Cast includes Asia Argento, Simon Baker, Eugene Clark, Dennis Hopper and John Leguizamo. 93 minutes, 97 minutes director's cut. Colour. / A number of commercially successful Zombie movies, mostly inspired by Romero's original and celebrated trilogy – Night of the Living Dead ...

Reeves-Stevens, Garfield

(1953-    ) US-born Canadian author who often signs his name Gar Reeves-Stevens, and who has also written as by Greg Reeves; he began writing works of genre interest with Bloodshift (1981), a Vampire tale which – not unusually for this author – intermixes sf, fantasy and horror: a professional killer is hired by establishment vampires to find a renegade female vampire who is interfering with the sf-like Phoenix Project, through which it is hoped to eliminate the ...


The term "android", which means "manlike", was initially used of Automata, and the form "androides" first appeared in English in 1727 in reference to supposed attempts by the alchemist Albertus Magnus (circa 1200-1280) to create an artificial man; but something like androids long precede their being called androids. Treating Caliban as android-like may over-egg Prospero's Godgame control over his creatures in William Shakespeare's The Tempest (performed circa 1611; 1623), though it is clear ...

Hillegas, Mark R

(1926-2000) US sf critic and professor of English who was based at Southern Illinois University. In 1961 he gave, at Colgate, one of the first university-level classes in sf in the USA (see SF in the Classroom). His academic study The Future as Nightmare: H G Wells and the Anti-Utopians (1967) deals mostly with writers of Dystopias like Karel Čapek, Aldous Huxley, C S Lewis, George Orwell and Yevgeny Zamiatin, his approach reflecting a period when they were primarily thought of and treated ...

Treece, Henry

(1911-1966) UK editor, poet and author, active from the early 1930s; a founder in 1939, under the influence of Herbert Read, of the New Apocalypse group of writers loosely committed to abstractly sacramental takes on the Matter of Britain, in terms of a mythopoetics which might be described as emotionally holistic, but muggy. His own nonfiction take on the movement, published soon after it dissolved, How I See Apocalypse (1946), was moderately assertive. Treece's early poems, beginning with ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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