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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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FEAR: First Encounter Assault Recon

Videogame (2005). Monolith Productions (MP). Designed by Craig Hubbard. Platforms: Win (2005); XB360 (2006); PS3 (2007). / FEAR is a First Person Shooter which merges the psychological horror of the Japanese film Ring (1998) with the kinetic violence of John Woo's Hong Kong action film Hard Boiled (1992). The player character is a new recruit to FEAR, a secret US military unit tasked with responding to "paranormal" incidents. As in Half-Life (1998), the protagonist is silent; other ...

Garnier, Charles-Georges-Thomas

(1746-1795) French barrister, translator and anthologist whose first work of significance seems to have been Cabinet des fées, ou collection de contes des fées et autre contes merveilleux ["The Fairy Cabinet, or Collection of Fairy Tales and Other Marvellous Tales"] (1785-1789 41 vols) with Charles J de Mayer (1751-1825). Of strong sf interest is his vast Anthology of (in the main) Fantastic Voyage tales, Voyages imaginaires, Songes, Visions, et Romans Cabalistiques ["Imaginary ...

Swindells, Robert E

(1939-    ) UK translator and author who has concentrated for most of his career on Young Adult novels, several of them set in his native Yorkshire. Although most of his work has been fantasy, sf novels of interest have appeared at various points over this career, beginning with When Darkness Comes (1973), a Prehistoric SF tale movingly depicting the consequences of the incursion of Homo sapiens on the early world, and Brother in the Land (1984; vt Fallout 1993), which in a ...


There is, inevitably, an intimate connection between the development of evolutionary philosophy and the history of sf. In a culture without an evolutionary philosophy most of the kinds of fiction we categorize as sf could not develop. Like the idea of progress, evolutionary philosophy flourished in late eighteenth-century France, and it was first significantly represented in literature by Restif de la Bretonne's evolutionary fantasy La découverte Australe par un homme volant ["The ...

Lincoln, Maurice

Pseudonym of UK author Esmond Condy (1887-1962), whose two sf Satires display an uneasy bantering tone and slyly cluttered plots which make his or her identification of some potential interest. In Nothing Ever Happens (1927) two young UK men are transported to an unlocatable Island run by an impossibly old Master – it is conceivable that T H White's similar The Master (1957) owes some debt to this book – where they are induced for Eugenical reasons to breed with his daughters and ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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