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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Kramer, Edward E

(1961-    ) US editor, author and fan, in the last capacity a co-founder and former part owner of the now very large Convention Dragon Con (formerly styled Dragon*Con) held since 1987 in Atlanta, Georgia. He has edited, usually in collaboration, a number of genre Anthologies beginning with Confederacy of the Dead (anth 1993) with Richard Gilliam and Martin H Greenberg; he began to publish stories of genre interest with "The Power In Penance" in his own Grails: Visitations of ...


Jury-selected genre Awards presented annually from 2010, not specifically for sf but for "the year's most progressive, intelligent and entertaining works that contain elements of the speculative or fantastic". The name reflects that of the Pornokitsch "geek culture" blog run by Anne C Perry and Jared Shurin, who launched the Kitschies; the "tentacle" names for categories are a nod to the initial award sponsor The Kraken Rum. These categories are Red Tentacle for best novel; Golden (added 2011) ...

Biro, Val

Working name of Hungarian-born illustrator and author Balint Stephen Biro (1921-2014), in the UK from 1939 until his death. During his prolific career as a book illustrator, which began in the early 1940s – his woodcut illustrations for Paul Tabori's Private Gallery (coll 1944) are already extremely accomplished – he executed a number of covers for sf and fantasy books, though never in a style that demonstrated any deep affinity for the iconography of the fantastic; an early cover ...

Block, Bob

(1921-2011) UK scriptwriter, mostly for BBC radio and television, from as early as 1954 with scripts for Life with the Lyons in both mediums; he created and scripted one series, Robert's Robots (1973); and has novelized some of his other scripts of genre interest, including more than one for Rentaghost (1976), as well as Galloping Galaxies! (1987), which adapts scripts from Galloping Galaxies! (1985), a spoof space series derivative of Douglas Adams's Hitchhiker works, set on the spaceship ...

Walsh, Rupert

(?   -?   ) UK author whose Future War tale, The Fate of the Triple Alliance: A Jeu d'Esprit (1890 chap), roughly predicts the pattern of European alliances whose clash helped launch World War One, though he was less successful in his prediction of the Weapons used, which include electric bayonets and paper armour. This may be due to the author's Satirical bent. [JC]

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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