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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Campanella, Tommaso

(1568-1639) Italian philosopher, admitted into the Dominican order at the age of 14. Like Francis Bacon he attacked the reliance of contemporary science on the authority of Aristotle, advocating observation and experiment as the proper routes to knowledge in Philosophia Sensibus Demonstrata ["Philosophy as Demonstrated by the Senses"] (1591; in Latin); at about the same time he first met Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), and he supported him against the omnipresent Christian authorities, whose ...

Sagan, Carl

(1934-1996) US astronomer, planetary scientist and author, professor of astronomy and space sciences and director of the Laboratory for Planetary Studies at Cornell University, and winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Sagan played an active role in the Mars experiments carried out by Mariner 9 in 1971, worked also on the Viking and Voyager projects, and was responsible for placing a message to alien life aboard the interstellar spaceship Pioneer 10 (Jupiter flyby 1973). He was co-founder and president ...

"X" [2]

Pseudonym of the unidentified UK author (?   -?   ) of The Setting Sun: An Ante-Dated Picture for a People (1904), a spoof Future War tale in which Britain defeats East Midasland; the Satire is no more taxing than that found in P G Wodehouse's better-known The Swoop (1909). [JC]

Klein, Jeffrey Bruce

(1948-    ) US investigative journalist, founder-editor of the magazine Mother Jones, and author; in his Near Future sf novel, The Black Hole Affair (1991) as Jeffrey Klein, which reflects his left-wing, anti-government convictions, a reporter discovers a secret government Star Wars project that could either start World War Three, or devastate the planet, or both. [JC]

McComas, J Francis

(1911-1978) US editor and author who published a number of sf stories under his own name – including "Shock Treatment" (in 9 Tales of Space and Time, anth 1954, ed Raymond J Healy) and "Parallel" (April 1955 F&SF) – and as Webb Marlowe. He was co-editor with Raymond J Healy of the thirty-five-story Anthology Adventures in Time and Space: An Anthology of Modern Science-Fiction Stories (anth 1946; cut 1952; differently cut 1953; cut vt Selections from Adventures in Time and Space ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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