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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Gaspar, Enrique

(1842-1902) Spanish diplomat, playwright and author, initially of zarzuelas, comic operettas with spoken dialogue in the French manner. He is of sf interest for the book-length "El anacronópete" (in Novelas, coll 1887; trans Yolanda Molina-Gavilán and Andrea Bell as The Time Ship: A Chrononautical Journey 2012) which, although it is not the first text to posit something like Time Travel, seems to be the first to describe a Time Machine – an elaborate hermetically sealed ark ...


1. A blanket item of Terminology used in this encyclopedia for the fictionally popular variety of catastrophe which is directly caused by human or occasionally Alien action, intentional or otherwise. Natural calamities are dealt with under Disaster, as are cases where a technically human-instigated cataclysm has effects similar to a natural one. For example, human interference with the Ecology, generally through Pollution or the subtler operations of Climate Change, may have effects resembling ...

Matheson, Richard Christian

(1953-    ) US author and (primarily) writer for film and television, and television producer. Matheson's work has been at most only fringe sf; he is not to be confused with his father, Richard Matheson, nor with his younger brother Chris Matheson (1958-    ), cowriter of the witty screenplay for Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure (1989) and its sequel Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey (1991). Matheson's television work includes scripts for The Incredible ...

Pellerin, Georges

Pseudonym of unidentified French author (?   -?   ); in his introduction to that author's only known work of sf interest – Le Monde dans 2000 Ans (1878; trans Brian Stableford as The World in 2000 Years 2011) – Stableford plausibly argues that he may have been a political economist named Gustave Dupuynode (1817-1898), who held similar opinions to those expressed in "Pellerin"'s Utopia. But Stableford does not claim to have found hard evidence of this ...

Velasquez, Pedro

Pseudonym of the unidentified author – possibly a carnival showman named Walter J Morris (?   -?   ) – of a short hoax Lost Race tale, Memoir of an Eventful Expedition in Central America: Resulting in the Discovery of the Idolatrous City of Iximaya [for full title see Checklist below] (1850 chap), describing an expedition to the state of Chiapas, Mexico, where a vast City is found, inhabited by descendants the Assyrian empire. The intruders abscond with ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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