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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 September 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Pascal, Jacques

Pseudonym of unidentified US author (?   -    ) of two Near Future erotic novels (see Sex), Virgin's Sacrifice (1980) and Futuresex (1981). [JC]

Star Wars: Episode VII – The Force Awakens

Film (2015). Lucasfilm/Bad Robot/Truenorth Productions. Directed by J J Abrams. Written by Lawrence Kasdan and Abrams. Cast includes John Boyega, Daniel Craig (uncredited), Adam Driver, Carrie Fisher, Harrison Ford, Domhnall Gleeson, Mark Hamill, Oscar Isaac, Lupita Nyong'o, Daisy Ridley, Andy Serkis, Max von Sydow. 3D. 135 minutes. Colour. / This smooth and splendiferous resumption of the Star Wars main story relegates to "Legend" status the baggy faute-de-mieux "Expanded [sic] Universe" ...


Videogame (1993). Bullfrog Productions (BP). Designed by Peter Molyneux, Sean Cooper. Platforms: Amiga, DOS (1993); Mac, MegaDrive, SNES (1994); 3DO, CD32, Jaguar (1995). / Syndicate is an early example of a Real Time Tactics game, played in a three-dimensional Isometric view, and set in a milieu which emphasizes the moral ambiguity of much Cyberpunk fiction. The player adopts the role of an executive in one of the crime syndicates that have taken over the world's ruling corporations, ...

Keene, Day

Pseudonym of US author Gunnar Hjerstedt (1904-1969), mostly of detective novels and film and television scripts. In his sf novel, World without Women (1960) with Leonard Pruyn, the few remaining women find themselves in Dystopian circumstances (see Women in SF), though it is (unusually) the men who are most often punished for violating scarcity taboos. [JC]

Alexander, David M

(1945-    ) US lawyer and author who writes mysteries as David Grace, and whose first sf novel, The Chocolate Spy (1978), concerns the creation of an organic Computer using cloned braincells (see Clones). His second, Fane (1981), set on a planet whose electromagnetic configurations permit the controlled use of Magic, describes an inimical attempt to augment these powers; this is in part a homage to Jack Vance. Seven 1990s appearances in Analog include three collaborations ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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