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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 September 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Addison, Joseph

(?   -    ) Scottish-born author resident in Canada whose only novel, Tesseract (1988), perhaps over-complexly explores various dimensions in Time and space, the eponymous AI serving to help the protagonist of the tale decide which Alternate World available to him will offer a chance for Homo sapiens (plus another race) to avoid mortal Disaster. [JC]


Although the name suggests a simple opposition to Heroes, antiheroes are not synonymous with Villains. They range from merely unsympathetic protagonists whose downfall or comeuppance provides satisfaction – typically at slick short story length – to figures of some stature and personal attraction who are dark complements of heroes. Satan is often viewed in genre terms as the antihero counterpart of God (see Gods and Demons). Early Scientific Romance antiheroes of note include Jule ...

Ingersoll, Ernest

(1852-1946) US naturalist, journalist – his column, The Natural History Club, appeared weekly from 1900 to 1938 – and author of much nonfiction, plus An Island in the Air: A Story of Singular Adventures in the Mesa Country (1905) a Lost World tale, the Island in question being an enclave hidden on the flat top of a mesa. [JC]

Card, Orson Scott

(1951-    ) US author who began his adult life with activities befitting his faith – he worked as a Mormon missionary in Brazil, 1971-1973, an experience seemingly fictionalized to revealing effect in "America" (January 1987 Asimov's). He wrote several plays and other works with religious content before exploding onto the sf scene with his first published story of genre interest, "Ender's Game" for Analog in August 1977. This was nominated for a Hugo and served as the ...

Schulman, Helen

(1961-    ) US screenwriter and author, most of whose work has consisted of nonfantastic scrutinies of the complex patterns of contemporary life among the relatively affluent. She is of sf interest for her sixth novel, Come With Me (2018), in which members of a Silicon Valley family (see California) attempt to extract themselves from the perplexities of their affluent but emotionally desiccant lives by making use of a Virtual Reality programme capable of engendering feels ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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