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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: Joe Haldeman

Torgeson, Roy

(1936-1990) US editor, noted mainly for the competent Chrysalis series of Original Anthologies beginning with Chrysalis (anth 1977) and ending with Chrysalis #10 (anth 1983). A second sequence ran for only two volumes: Other Worlds 1 (anth 1979) and Other Worlds #2 (anth 1980). The 1977 Science Fiction and Fantasy Magazine Checklist and Price Guide 1923-1976 (1977 chap) with Howard Frank, whose remit was ambitious, did not continue as perhaps expected. Torgeson's attempts to gain rights to ...

Roth, Edward

(1826-1911) UK-born teacher and translator, in US from around 1845; his four translations of novels by Jules Verne are generally thought to have been the worst of a very mixed lot, but survived in reprint form well into the twentieth-century. [JC]

Sap Nin

["Ten Years"] Film (2015 Hong Kong). Ten Years Studio. Directed by Ng Ka-leung, Jevons Au, Chow Kwun-wai, Wong Fei-Pang, Kwok Zune, starring Peter Chan, Wong Ching, Lau Ho-Chi, Leung Kin-Ping, Liu Kai-chi, Siu Hin Ng. Screenplay by various hands. 104 minutes. Colour. / An anthology piece of five Near-Future Dystopian vignettes about life in Hong Kong in the year 2025, made for an impressively low budget. All are conceived as Satires or meditations on the undermining of the Hong Kong Basic ...

A.I.: Artificial Intelligence

Film (2001). Warner Brothers/Dreamworks/Amblin Entertainment. Directed by Steven Spielberg. Written by Steven Spielberg, based on a screen story by Ian Watson itself based on the story "Super-Toys Last All Summer Long" (December 1969 Harper's Bazaar) by Brian W Aldiss, with uncredited contributions from Stanley Kubrick. Cast includes Brendan Gleeson, William Hurt, Jude Law, Frances O'Connor, Haley Joel Osment, Sam Robards, Jake Thomas and Robin Williams (voice). 146 minutes. Colour. / In ...

Swann, Thomas Burnett

(1928-1976) US poet, author and academic who taught English literature at Florida Atlantic University, turning to full-time writing in the early 1960s. As an academic he published works on the poet HD (Hilda Doolittle [1886-1961]) and others, including Wonder and Whimsy: The Fantastic World of Christina Rossetti (1960). Much of his fiction – beginning with "Winged Victory" for Fantastic Universe in 1958 – could be described as Science Fantasy, as it posits a sustained ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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