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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Yefremov, Ivan

(1908-1972) Russian palaeontologist and author, a leading figure in the renaissance of Soviet sf (see Russia); his surname has also been transliterated as Efremov. He began writing "geographical" sf on a modest scale in the 1940s, assembling his early work in Vstretcha Nad Tuskaroroi (coll 1944; trans M and N Nicholas as A Meeting Over Tuscarora; And Other Adventure Stories 1946), Piat' Rumbo ["Five Wind's Quarters"] (coll 1944) and elsewhere. Some of the contents of the first volume overlap ...

Standiford, Les

(1945-    ) US historian, teacher and author, his best known fiction being the nonfantastic John Deal sequence set in Miami. He is of sf interest for Spill (1991), a Technothriller featuring the loss of a deadly new biological Weapon and the conspiracy between its corporate manufacturers and the American government to conceal a Disaster which may bring about the End of the World. [JC]

Madách, Imre

(1823-1864) Hungarian playwright and parliamentarian, chiefly known for his verse play Az ember tragédiája (1861; trans Charles Henry Meltzer and Paul Vajdatrans as The Tragedy of Man: A Dramatic Poem in Fifteen Scenes 1933 Hungary; preferred trans George Szirtes 1988 Hungary). This philosophical, rather pessimistic fantasy about the destiny of mankind focuses on Adam (an optimist) and Eve (see Adam and Eve), and Lucifer (a materialist), who reappear in each scene in different ...

Star Ocean

Videogame series (from 1996). tri-Ace. / Star Ocean is a series of Japanese Console Role Playing Games (see Computer Role Playing Games), set in a universe heavily influenced by Star Trek. In addition to the sf elements, a form of alchemical magic often makes an appearance, variously referred to as symbology, heraldry and runology. While this suggests that the Star Ocean games should be classified as Science and Sorcery, the ending of Star Ocean: Till the End of Time may justify the magical ...


Videogame (1988). Konami. Designed by Hideo Kojima. Platforms: MSX (1988); PCEngineCD (1992); MegaCD (1994); PS1, Saturn (1996). / Snatcher is a menu driven graphical Adventure game with some real time combat sequences. Designed in Japan, it draws heavily on the style of Blade Runner (1982) and 1980s sf Anime such as Bubblegum Crisis (1987-1991); only the 1994 MegaCD version has been released in English. The game is set in the twenty-first century, fifty years after the accidental release ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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