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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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UK Fanzine (1971-1979) whose founding and principal editor was Peter Roberts (1950-    ). This Newszine for the UK sf fan community was launched as a replacement for the 1959-1971 Skyrack. A short-lived "first series" of Checkpoint had appeared in 1968-1969, comprising eight foolscap (13 x 8 in) issues devoted to fanzine reviews. The main newsletter sequence began with the trial issue #00 dated 6 April 1971 and continued to #100, September 1979, which includes an ...

Farrow, G E

(1862-1919) UK author whose work as been thought of as being almost exclusively of Fantasy for children, often showing the direct influence of Lewis Carroll. None of his books are easily understood as sf, though two of his earlier tales involve journeys in space: in The Missing Prince (1896), a Pierrot character descends to Earth from the Moon; and the protagonists of The Mandarin's Kite; Or, Little Tsu-Foo and Another Boy (1900) travel to the world of Pars in a solar system where the planets ...

Sambrot, William

(1920-2007) US author of more than 200 short stories, fifty of them sf, the latter beginning with "Report to the People" for The Blue Book Magazine in October 1953; his earliest publication was "The Saboteur" (Fall 1951 Suspense Magazine), a non-sf story about an encounter between a submarine and a mine. Most of his work appeared in the Saturday Evening Post and other Slicks and consequently received less attention from within the sf world than it might have done, considering its vigour and ...


Modernity, and with it science fiction, came very late to Sweden. The country consists of two thirds of a large isthmus at the northwest edge of Europe, in the north reaching well into the Polar circle. The Swedish population in 1500 is estimated at around 700,000; the capital, Stockholm, boasted some 6000 inhabitants. In 1700, the population had reached 1.5 million; in 1900 slightly over 5.1 million. Until the early twentieth century, Sweden was fundamentally an agrarian society. From 1611 ...

Seaforth, A Nelson

Pseudonym of UK soldier, colonial administrator and author George Sydenham Clarke (1848-1933), who was appointed first Baron Sydenham of Combe in 1913, and whose ongoing interest in military matters inspired many articles (under his own name) on submarine warfare, the coining (as he claimed) of the term "imperial defense", and a Future-War novel, The Last Great Naval War (1891) as by A Nelson Seaforth, in which France and the UK become involved at sea. In later life, disgruntled by early ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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